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  1. Intravenous glycerol treatment, usually administered in the form of a 5% fructose solution, can be used to reduce intracranial pressure. The administered fructose theoretically influences blood lactate levels,...

    Authors: Shinshu Katayama, Ken Tonai, Yuya Goto, Kansuke Koyama, Toshitaka Koinuma, Jun Shima, Masahiko Wada and Shin Nunomiya
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:55
  2. Although chest compression is a standard technique in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, it is well recognized that manual chest compression causes various internal injuries, of which major injuries are often fata...

    Authors: Shigeaki Aoyagi, Tomokazu Kosuga, Kumiko Wada, Shin-ichi Nata and Hiroshi Yasunaga
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:54
  3. An updated meta-analysis incorporating nine randomized trials (n = 816) investigating low-to-moderate dose prolonged glucocorticoid treatment in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) show moderate-to-high qu...

    Authors: Gianfranco Umberto Meduri, Reed A. C. Siemieniuk, Rachel A. Ness and Samuel J. Seyler
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:53
  4. Fluid responsiveness prediction with continuously available monitoring is an unsettled matter for the vast majority of critically ill patients, and development of new and reliable methods is desired. We hypoth...

    Authors: Simon Tilma Vistisen, Martin Buhl Krog, Thomas Elkmann, Mikael Fink Vallentin, Thomas W. L. Scheeren and Christoffer Sølling
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:52
  5. Intravenous fluids are one of the most used medical therapy for patients, especially critically ill patients. We conducted a meta-analysis comparing between balanced crystalloids and normal saline in criticall...

    Authors: Yazan Z. M. Zayed, Ahmed M. Y. Aburahma, Mahmoud O. Barbarawi, Kewan Hamid, Momen R. N. Banifadel, Laith Rashdan and Ghassan I. Bachuwa
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:51
  6. Echocardiography is often used to guide septic shock resuscitation, but without evidence for efficacy. We conducted an intensive care unit (ICU)-based randomized controlled feasibility trial comparing echocard...

    Authors: Michael J. Lanspa, Rebecca E. Burk, Emily L. Wilson, Eliotte L. Hirshberg, Colin K. Grissom and Samuel M. Brown
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:50
  7. Endotracheal intubation in critically ill is a high-risk procedure requiring significant expertise in airway handling as well as understanding of pathophysiology of the disease process.

    Authors: Armin Ahmed and Afzal Azim
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:49
  8. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a syndrome which has a broad range of etiologic factors depending on different clinical settings. Because AKI has significant impacts on prognosis in any clinical settings, early d...

    Authors: Kent Doi, Osamu Nishida, Takashi Shigematsu, Tomohito Sadahiro, Noritomo Itami, Kunitoshi Iseki, Yukio Yuzawa, Hirokazu Okada, Daisuke Koya, Hideyasu Kiyomoto, Yugo Shibagaki, Kenichi Matsuda, Akihiko Kato, Terumasa Hayashi, Tomonari Ogawa, Tatsuo Tsukamoto…
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:48
  9. The main problem of hospitalized patients in intensive care units is feeding, and if the patient does not receive the daily caloric intake required to his body, he will have malnutrition and problems related t...

    Authors: Farzad Momenfar, Alireza Abdi, Nader Salari, Ali Soroush and Behzad Hemmatpour
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:47
  10. Quick Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) is a new screening system for sepsis. The prognostic performance of qSOFA for patients with suspected infections outside the intensive care unit (ICU) is s...

    Authors: Fumiaki Tokioka, Hiroshi Okamoto, Akio Yamazaki, Akihiro Itou and Tadashi Ishida
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:46
  11. Extubation failure is associated with mortality and morbidity in the intensive care unit. Ventilator weaning protocols have been introduced, and extubation is conducted based on the results of a spontaneous br...

    Authors: Yugo Okabe, Takehiko Asaga, Sayuri Bekku, Hiromi Suzuki, Kanae Kanda, Takeshi Yoda, Tomohiro Hirao and Gotaro Shirakami
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:44
  12. New-onset refractory status epilepticus (NORSE) is a newly defined critical disease entity characterized by prolonged periods of refractory epileptic seizure with no readily identifiable cause in otherwise hea...

    Authors: Satoshi Kodama, Noritoshi Arai, Akiyoshi Hagiwara, Akio Kimura and Sousuke Takeuchi
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:43
  13. Every day in the ICU, legal issues arise while treating sedated, unconscious, and legally incapacitated patients. Whenever a life-saving treatment cannot be discussed in a timely manner with an unconscious pat...

    Authors: Doreen Stark, Ruth Stiller, Min Xie, Damian Weber, Marco Maggiorini and Matthias Peter Hilty
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:40
  14. Continuous electroencephalogram (CEEG) monitoring is increasingly being used for brain monitoring in neurocritical care setting. This is because of the proven effectiveness of CEEG in diagnosing nonconvulsive ...

    Authors: Yuichi Kubota, Hidetoshi Nakamoto, Satoshi Egawa and Takakazu Kawamata
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:39
  15. Since the 2009 pandemic influenza, we have nationally established a committee of the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) project. This project involves adequate respiratory management for severe respira...

    Authors: Shinichiro Ohshimo, Nobuaki Shime, Satoshi Nakagawa, Osamu Nishida and Shinhiro Takeda
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:38
  16. C1 inhibitor (C1-INH), which belongs to the superfamily of serine protease inhibitors, regulates the complement system and also the plasma kallikrein-kinin, fibrinolytic, and coagulation systems. The biologic ...

    Authors: Tomoya Hirose, Hiroshi Ogura, Hiroki Takahashi, Masahiro Ojima, Kang Jinkoo, Youhei Nakamura, Takashi Kojima and Takeshi Shimazu
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:37
  17. While outcome improvement with extracorporeal CO2 removal (ECCO2R) is not demonstrated, a strong pathophysiological rational supports its use in the setting of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and COPD ...

    Authors: Hadrien Winiszewski, François Aptel, François Belon, Nicolas Belin, Claire Chaignat, Cyrille Patry, Cecilia Clermont, Elise David, Jean-Christophe Navellou, Guylaine Labro, Gaël Piton and Gilles Capellier
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:36
  18. Clinical benefits of recruitment maneuver in ARDS patients are controversial. A number of previous studies showed possible benefits; a large recent study reported that recruitment maneuver and PEEP titration m...

    Authors: Sulagna Bhattacharjee, Kapil D. Soni and Souvik Maitra
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:35
  19. Serum lactate level can predict clinical outcomes in some critical cases. In the clinical setting, we noted that patients undergoing extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) and with poor serum lact...

    Authors: Takashi Mizutani, Norio Umemoto, Toshio Taniguchi, Hideki Ishii, Yuri Hiramatsu, Koji Arata, Horagaito Takuya, Sho Inoue, Tsuyoshi Sugiura, Toru Asai, Michiharu Yamada, Toyoaki Murohara and Kiyokazu Shimizu
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:33

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Intensive Care 2019 7:18

  20. In the original publication of this article [1], one author’s name was misspelling.

    Authors: Ken Parhar, Victoria Millar, Vasileios Zochios, Emilia Bruton, Catherine Jaworski, Nick West and Alain Vuylsteke
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:32

    The original article was published in Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:5

  21. Heat stroke is a life-threatening injury requiring neurocritical care; however, heat stroke has not been completely examined due to several possible reasons, such as no universally accepted definition or class...

    Authors: Toru Hifumi, Yutaka Kondo, Keiki Shimizu and Yasufumi Miyake
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:30
  22. Protracted treatment on intensive care unit (ICU) sets the patients at increased risk for the development of chronic critical illness (CCI). Muscular and cardio-respiratory deconditioning are common long-term ...

    Authors: Gloria-Beatrice Wintermann, Jenny Rosendahl, Kerstin Weidner, Bernhard Strauß, Andreas Hinz and Katja Petrowski
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:27
  23. Early brain CT is one of the most useful tools for estimating the prognosis in patients with post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) at the emergency department (ED). The aim of this study was to evaluate the prog...

    Authors: Mitsuaki Nishikimi, Takayuki Ogura, Kota Matsui, Kunihiko Takahashi, Kenji Fukaya, Keibun Liu, Hideo Morita, Mitsunobu Nakamura, Shigeyuki Matsui and Naoyuki Matsuda
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:26
  24. The original article [1] contained an error. The caption of Fig. 4 should be changed. The correct caption can be found below.

    Authors: Pattarin Pirompanich and Sasithon Romsaiyut
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:25

    The original article was published in Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:6

  25. To determine the frequency of limitations on life support techniques (LLSTs) on admission to intensive care units (ICU), factors associated, and 30-day survival in patients with LLST on ICU admission.

    Authors: Olga Rubio, Anna Arnau, Sílvia Cano, Carles Subirà, Begoña Balerdi, María Eugenía Perea, Miguel Fernández-Vivas, María Barber, Noemí Llamas, Susana Altaba, Ana Prieto, Vicente Gómez, Mar Martin, Marta Paz, Belen Quesada, Valentí Español…
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:24
  26. In the clinical practice of cardiovascular critical care, we often observe a variety of arrhythmias in the patients either with (secondary) or without (idiopathic) underlying heart diseases. In this manuscript...

    Authors: Yoshinori Kobayashi
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:23

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:31

  27. Magnesium (Mg) is essential for life and plays a crucial role in several biochemical and physiological processes in the human body. Hypomagnesemia is common in all hospitalized patients, especially in critical...

    Authors: Bent-Are Hansen and Øyvind Bruserud
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:21
  28. Multi-organ failure occurs during critical illness and is mediated in part by destructive neutrophil-to-endothelial interactions. The β2 integrin receptor, CR3 (complement receptor 3; Mac-1; CD11b/CD18), which...

    Authors: Catherine M. Dickinson, Brian W. LeBlanc, Muhammad M. Edhi, Daithi S. Heffernan, Mohd. Hafeez Faridi, Vineet Gupta, William G. Cioffi, Xian O’Brien and Jonathan S. Reichner
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:19
  29. Prone positioning may provide a uniform distribution of transpulmonary pressure and contribute to prevent ventilator-induced lung injury. However, despite moderate positive end-expiratory pressure and low tida...

    Authors: Toru Kotani, Masanori Hanaoka, Shinya Hirahara, Hisashi Yamanaka, Eckhard Teschner and Atsuko Shono
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:18
  30. Seizures are a considerable complication in critically ill patients. Their incidence is significantly high in neurosciences intensive care unit patients. Seizure prophylaxis with anti-epileptic drugs is a comm...

    Authors: Sushma Yerram, Nakul Katyal, Keerthivaas Premkumar, Premkumar Nattanmai and Christopher R. Newey
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:17
  31. Reducing the 30-day unplanned hospital readmission rate is a goal for physicians and policymakers in order to improve quality of care. However, data on the readmission rate of critically ill patients in Japan ...

    Authors: Tetsu Ohnuma, Daisuke Shinjo, Alan M. Brookhart and Kiyohide Fushimi
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:14
  32. Use of high-dose norepinephrine is thought to have an immunosuppressive action that increases mortality. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between norepinephrine dosage and prognosis of patients wit...

    Authors: Hitoshi Yamamura, Yu Kawazoe, Kyohei Miyamoto, Tomonori Yamamoto, Yoshinori Ohta and Takeshi Morimoto
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:12
  33. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is associated with high mortality rates. ARDS patients suffer from severe hypoxemia, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy may be necessary to ensure...

    Authors: Stefanie Prohaska, Andrea Schirner, Albina Bashota, Andreas Körner, Gunnar Blumenstock and Helene A. Haeberle
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:11
  34. There are numerous barriers to early mobilization (EM) in a resource-limited intensive care unit (ICU) without a specialized team or an EM culture, regarding patient stability while critically ill or in the pr...

    Authors: Keibun Liu, Takayuki Ogura, Kunihiko Takahashi, Mitsunobu Nakamura, Hiroaki Ohtake, Kenji Fujiduka, Emi Abe, Hitoshi Oosaki, Dai Miyazaki, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Mitsuaki Nishikimi, Alan Kawarai Lefor and Takashi Mato
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:10
  35. Sepsis is a global threat but insufficiently studied in Southeast Asia. The objective was to evaluate management, outcomes, adherence to sepsis bundles, and mortality prediction of maximum Sequential Organ Fai...

    Authors: Khie Chen Lie, Chuen-Yen Lau, Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, T. Eoin West and Direk Limmathurotsakul
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:9
  36. Almost all data on 5-year outcomes for critical care survivors come from North America and Europe. The aim of this study was to investigate long-term mortality, physical function, psychological outcomes and he...

    Authors: Kimberley J. Haines, Sue Berney, Stephen Warrillow and Linda Denehy
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:8
  37. The Japanese Clinical Practice Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock 2016 (J-SSCG 2016), a Japanese-specific set of clinical practice guidelines for sepsis and septic shock created jointly by th...

    Authors: Osamu Nishida, Hiroshi Ogura, Moritoki Egi, Seitaro Fujishima, Yoshiro Hayashi, Toshiaki Iba, Hitoshi Imaizumi, Shigeaki Inoue, Yasuyuki Kakihana, Joji Kotani, Shigeki Kushimoto, Yoshiki Masuda, Naoyuki Matsuda, Asako Matsushima, Taka-aki Nakada, Satoshi Nakagawa…
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:7
  38. Weaning failure is a crucial hindrance in critically ill patients. Rapid shallow breathing index (RSBI), a well-known weaning index, has some limitations in predicting weaning outcomes. A new weaning index usi...

    Authors: Pattarin Pirompanich and Sasithon Romsaiyut
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:6

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Intensive Care 2018 6:25