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  1. The clinical impact of arrhythmias on the continuum of critical illness is unclear, and data in medical intensive care units (ICU) is lacking. In this study, we distinguish between different types of arrhythmi...

    Authors: Rodrigo J. Valderrábano, Alejandro Blanco, Eduardo J. Santiago-Rodriguez, Christine Miranda, José Rivera-del Rio del Rio, Juan Ruiz and Robert Hunter
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2016 4:9
  2. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) mortality exceeds 20 % in critical care patients despite appropriate antibiotic therapy. Regional tissue oxygen saturation index (rSO2) measured with near-infrared spectrosco...

    Authors: Laura Claverias, Michael Marí, Judith Marín-Corral, Mónica Magret, Sandra Trefler, María Bodí, Antonio García-España, Juan Carlos Yébenes, Sergi Pascual, Joaquim Gea and Alejandro Rodríguez
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2016 4:7
  3. Intravenously administered iodine-containing contrast medium (CM) is associated with the development of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). Data on the effectiveness of sodium bicarbonate therapy in the preven...

    Authors: Nicole Lefel, Loes Janssen, Jos le Noble and Norbert Foudraine
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2016 4:5
  4. The management of tracheal tube cuff pressure in patients receiving mechanical ventilation is important for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Currently, cuff pressure is intermittently monitor...

    Authors: Junichi Michikoshi, Shigekiyo Matsumoto, Hiroshi Miyawaki, Harushi Niu, Katsuhiro Seo, Makoto Yamamoto, Shu-ichi Tokunaga and Takaaki Kitano
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2016 4:4
  5. The purposes of the study were to compare serum total cortisol (STC), salivary cortisol (SaC) and calculated free cortisol (cFC) levels at baseline and after the adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) stimulation...

    Authors: Gulsah Elbuken, Zuleyha Karaca, Fatih Tanriverdi, Kursad Unluhizarci, Murat Sungur, Mehmet Doganay and Fahrettin Kelestimur
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2016 4:3
  6. Severity of illness is an important consideration in making the decision to transfuse as it is the sicker patient that often needs a red cell transfusion. Red blood cell (RBC) transfusions could potentially ha...

    Authors: Surender Rajasekaran, Eric Kort, Richard Hackbarth, Alan T. Davis, Dominic Sanfilippo, Robert Fitzgerald, Sandra Zuiderveen, Akunne N. Ndika, Hilary Beauchamp, Anthony Olivero and Nabil Hassan
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2016 4:2
  7. We hypothesized that activated protein C does not increase in disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) after trauma and that the same is true for acute coagulopathy of trauma-shock (ACOTS). Activated prote...

    Authors: Subrina Jesmin, Satoshi Gando, Takeshi Wada, Mineji Hayakawa and Atsushi Sawamura
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2016 4:1
  8. Determination of a patient’s volume status remains challenging. Ultrasound assessments of the inferior vena cava and lung parenchyma have been shown to reflect fluid status when compared to the more traditiona...

    Authors: Nawal Salahuddin, Iqbal Hussain, Hakam Alsaidi, Quratulain Shaikh, Mini Joseph, Hassan Hawa and Khalid Maghrabi
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:55
  9. Intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired infections are a challenging health problem worldwide, especially when caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens. In ICUs, inanimate surfaces and equipment (e.g., bedrail...

    Authors: Vincenzo Russotto, Andrea Cortegiani, Santi Maurizio Raineri and Antonino Giarratano
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:54
  10. Delirium in intensive care units increases morbidity and mortality risk. The incidence and risk factors of delirium vary among studies. This study therefore aimed to determine the incidence and risk factors of...

    Authors: Tanyong Pipanmekaporn, Kaweesak Chittawatanarat, Onuma Chaiwat, Thammasak Thawitsri, Petch Wacharasint and Suneerat Kongsayreepong
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:53
  11. Delirium occurs in the intensive care unit and identification is often performed using a validated assessment tool such as the Confusion Assessment Method for Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU) patients. The CAM-IC...

    Authors: Kimberly J. Terry, Kevin E. Anger and Paul M. Szumita
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:52
  12. Molecular amplification techniques are suggested to be a useful adjunct in early detection of pathogens in septic patients. The aim was to study the feasibility of a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay compa...

    Authors: Runa Plettig, Andreas Nowak, Veronika Balau, Klaus Hahnenkamp and Taras Usichenko
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:51
  13. Although fluid resuscitation of patients having acute circulatory failure is essential, avoiding unnecessary administration of fluids in these patients is also important. Fluid responsiveness (FR) is defined a...

    Authors: Ahmed Hasanin
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:50
  14. Sepsis is a potentially fatal syndrome mediated by an early [e.g., tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)] and late [high mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1)] proinflammatory cytokine response to infection. Sepsis-indu...

    Authors: Mari Ishida, Masaaki Ueki, Jun Morishita, Masaki Ueno, Shunichi Shiozawa and Nobuhiro Maekawa
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:49
  15. Sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy is a reversible myocardial dysfunction that typically resolves in 7–10 days. It is characterized by left ventricular dilatation and depressed ejection fraction. However, many unce...

    Authors: Ryota Sato and Michitaka Nasu
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:48
  16. Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a rare cutaneous adverse reaction characterized by acute sterile pustular eruptions, mostly induced by medications. Antibiotics are the most commonly implic...

    Authors: Sagger Mawri, Tarun Jain, Jainil Shah, Gina Hurst and Jennifer Swiderek
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:47
  17. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health problem and a leading cause of death worldwide. A paucity of literature exists on risk factors for mortality in isolated severe TBI, a condition that is di...

    Authors: Vijay Krishnamoorthy, Monica S. Vavilala, Brianna Mills and Ali Rowhani-Rahbar
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:46
  18. Although neurological evaluation using the Glasgow Coma Scale motor score is mandatory for post-cardiac arrest patients, further study is required to determine if this score can be used as an indicator for mil...

    Authors: Toru Hifumi, Kenya Kawakita, Tomoya Okazaki, Satoshi Egawa, Yutaka Kondo, Tomoaki Natsukawa and Hirotaka Sawano
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:45
  19. Device-associated healthcare-associated infections (DA-HAIs) are a major problem in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). However, there are no data available regarding the incidences of DA-HAIs in PICUs in ...

    Authors: Takeshi Hatachi, Kazuya Tachibana and Muneyuki Takeuchi
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:44
  20. We firstly report a postoperative hemodialysis patient who was co-administered with amiodarone and dexmedetomidine and developed severe bradycardia followed by cardiac arrest. A 79-year-old male patient underw...

    Authors: Takafumi Ohmori, Nobuhiro Shiota, Akihiro Haramo, Takahiro Masuda, Fumi Maruyama, Kenji Wakabayashi, Yushi U. Adachi and Koichi Nakazawa
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:43
  21. The urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) is a significant neurologic prognostic predictor in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) plays an important role i...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Terao, Makito Oji, Tomomi Toyoda, Haruka Inoue, Makoto Fukusaki and Tetsuya Hara
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:42
  22. Contemporary critical care research necessitates involvement of multiple centers, preferably from many countries. Adult and pediatric research networks have produced outstanding data; however, their involvemen...

    Authors: Sandeep Tripathi, Harsheen Kaur, Rahul Kashyap, Yue Dong, Ognjen Gajic and Srinivas Murthy
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:40
  23. Over the last two decades, there have been vast improvements in sepsis-related outcomes, largely resulting from the widespread adoption of aggressive fluid resuscitation and infection control. With increased u...

    Authors: Jason Chertoff, Michael Chisum, Bryan Garcia and Jorge Lascano
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:39
  24. Appropriate patient selection is very important when initiating mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) for patients following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, and the extent of unconsciousness at implementation mus...

    Authors: Tomoaki Natsukawa, Hirotaka Sawano, Mai Natsukawa, Yuichi Yoshinaga, Shuho Sato, Yusuke Ito, Takayuki Otani, Jiro Ohba, Yasuyuki Hayashi and Tatsuro Kai
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:38
  25. Abnormalities in potassium levels can lead to several clinical difficulties in trauma patients admitted to the ICU. However, the significance of potassium abnormalities soon after admission in trauma patients ...

    Authors: Takaaki Ookuma, Koji Miyasho, Nobuhiro Kashitani, Nobuhiko Beika, Naoki Ishibashi, Takahiro Yamashita and Yoshihito Ujike
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:37
  26. Regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) is being increasingly used during continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in intensive care units as an alternative to systemic heparin anticoagulation. However, due ...

    Authors: Sebastian Hafner, Wolfgang Stahl, Theresa Fels, Karl Träger, Michael Georgieff and Martin Wepler
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:35
  27. Since hyperglycemia-induced cellular dysfunction could be associated with alterations of the immune system, we tested the hypothesis that hyperglycemia augments the aberrant immune responses such as inflammati...

    Authors: Katsuya Mori, Takeshi Suzuki, Toru Igarashi, Kei Inoue, Takashi Asahara, Koji Nomoto, Hiroyuki Seki, Takashige Yamada, Shizuka Minamishima, Shizuko Kosugi, Nobuyuki Katori and Hiroshi Morisaki
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:34
  28. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is being used increasingly in the emergency and critical care field in Japan. A major complication of ECPR is bleeding; however, the optimal initial heparin ...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Iwashita, Mashiro Yukimitsu, Masaki Matsuduki, Akitaka Yamamoto, Ken Ishikura and Hiroshi Imai
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:33
  29. It has been recommended that all survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) have immediate coronary angiography (CAG), even though it has been reported that half of the survivors have normal coronary a...

    Authors: Toshikazu Abe, Shigeyuki Watanabe, Atsushi Mizuno, Masahiro Toyama, Vicken Y. Totten and Yasuharu Tokuda
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:32
  30. In critically ill patients, Candida spp. can often be identified in pulmonary samples. The impact of prompt antifungal therapy in these patients is unknown.

    Authors: Simone Lindau, Manuel Nadermann, Hanns Ackermann, Tobias Michael Bingold, Christoph Stephan, Volkhard A. J. Kempf, Pia Herzberger, Andres Beiras-Fernandez, Kai Zacharowski and Patrick Meybohm
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:31
  31. To determine if the effects of epinephrine administration on the outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), patients are associated with the duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed by ...

    Authors: Yuichi Ono, Mineji Hayakawa, Takeshi Wada, Atsushi Sawamura and Satoshi Gando
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:29
  32. Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is a standard strategy to reduce brain damage in post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) patients. However, it is unknown whether the target temperature should be adjusted for PCAS pat...

    Authors: Tadashi Kaneko, Shunji Kasaoka, Takashi Nakahara, Hirotaka Sawano, Yoshio Tahara, Mamoru Hase, Kenji Nishioka, Shinichi Shirai, Hiroshi Hazui, Hideki Arimoto, Kazunori Kashiwase, Tomokazu Motomura, Yasuhiro Kuroda, Yuji Yasuga, Naohiro Yonemoto, Hiroyuki Yokoyama…
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:28
  33. Predicting mortality in the intensive care unit (ICU) is one of the biggest challenges in critical care medicine. Several studies have linked the presence of eosinopenia with adverse outcomes in different popu...

    Authors: Emmanuel Jesús Escobar-Valdivia, Julio Edgardo González-Aguirre, Eunice Rebeca Carrillo-Cisneros, Karla Carolina Guerra-Leza and Roberto Mercado-Longoría
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:27
  34. Dexmedetomidine (Dex) provides sedation and analgesia by acting on central alpha-2 receptors and is suitable for use after extubation because it has little respiratory depression. Considering the sympathoinhib...

    Authors: Ayuka Narisawa, Masaki Nakane, Takako Kano, Nozomi Momose, Yu Onodera, Ryo Akimoto, Tadahiro Kobayashi, Masahiro Iwabuchi, Masayuki Okada, Yoshihide Miura and Kaneyuki Kawamae
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:26
  35. In this study, the effects of an enteral diet enriched with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), γ-linolenic acid (GLA), and antioxidants were compared with a standard enteral diet in critically ill patients with seps...

    Authors: Kunihiro Shirai, Shozo Yoshida, Naoki Matsumaru, Izumi Toyoda and Shinji Ogura
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:24
  36. The aim of this study was to establish the pharmacokinetics of levofloxacin (LVFX) and determine the optimal dose of this drug in critically ill patients receiving continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF). The resu...

    Authors: Takeshi Wada, Masaki Kobayashi, Yuichi Ono, Asumi Mizugaki, Kenichi Katabami, Kunihiko Maekawa, Daisuke Miyamoto, Yuichiro Yanagida, Mineji Hayakawa, Atsushi Sawamura, Ken Iseki and Satoshi Gando
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:22
  37. Organophosphate poisoning (OP) results in various poisoning symptoms due to its strong inhibitory effect on cholinesterase. One of the occasional complications of OP is pancreatitis.

    Authors: Shozo Yoshida, Hideshi Okada, Shiho Nakano, Kunihiro Shirai, Toshiyuki Yuhara, Hiromasa Kojima, Tomoaki Doi, Hisaaki Kato, Kodai Suzuki, Kentaro Morishita, Eiji Murakami, Hiroaki Ushikoshi, Izumi Toyoda and Shinji Ogura
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:21
  38. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia in the ICU. The aim of this review is to summarize relevant information on new-onset AF in non-cardiac critical illness with respect to epidemiology, prevention,...

    Authors: Takuo Yoshida, Tomoko Fujii, Shigehiko Uchino and Masanori Takinami
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:19
  39. Snake bites are life-threatening injuries that can require intensive care. The diagnosis and treatment of venomous snake bites is sometimes difficult for clinicians because sufficient information has not been ...

    Authors: Toru Hifumi, Atsushi Sakai, Yutaka Kondo, Akihiko Yamamoto, Nobuya Morine, Manabu Ato, Keigo Shibayama, Kazuo Umezawa, Nobuaki Kiriu, Hiroshi Kato, Yuichi Koido, Junichi Inoue, Kenya Kawakita and Yasuhiro Kuroda
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:16
  40. High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy comprises an air/oxygen blender, an active humidifier, a single heated circuit, and a nasal cannula. It delivers adequately heated and humidified medical gas at up...

    Authors: Masaji Nishimura
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:15
  41. Polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column hemoperfusion (PMX) has been reported to be effective for patients with septic shock. It remains unclear, however, how the efficacy of PMX varies according to the character...

    Authors: Makiko Sugiura, Chieko Mitaka, Go Haraguchi, Makoto Tomita and Naohiko Inase
    Citation: Journal of Intensive Care 2015 3:14