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Table 2 Clinical outcomes

From: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation in critically ill traumatic brain injury patients attenuates muscle atrophy, neurophysiological disorders, and weakness: a randomized controlled trial

Group
Outcomes Control NMES p value Effect size
N 30 30  
Incidence during the first 14 days, n (%)
• Sepsis 13 (43%) 16 (53%) 0.44
• Septic shock 9 (30%) 10 (33%) 0.78
• Multiple organ failure 4 (13%) 6 (20%) 0.73
Time on MV, days 15.5 [8.8–19] 14 [8–18] 0.65 0.1
Time on MV (survivor), days 16 [9–19] 14 [12–18] 0.80 0.09
ICU length of stay, days 19.5 [12–27.3] 19 [10–26] 0.58 0.28
ICU length of stay (survivor), days 20 [15–31] 23 [15–26] 0.98 0.2
Hospital length of stay, days 42 [20–56] 34 [15–41.2] 0.06 0.5
Hospital length of stay (survivor), days 42 [23–53] 35 [23–44] 0.32 0.3
Mortality in ICU, n (%) 3 (10%) 5 (17%) 0.71
  1. ICU intensive care unit, MV mechanical ventilation. Parametric variables are reported as mean and (95% confidence interval) and nonparametric, as median and [interquartile range]. p values were calculated by the unpaired t test, chi-square test, or Mann-Whitney in accordance with each data distribution and characteristics