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Table 3 Intensive care characteristics and complications of patients admitted to ICU post PPCI. Results are expressed as mean (SD) unless otherwise denoted

From: Clinical outcomes of patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction requiring the intensive care unit

  All patients Outcome Indication for ICU
Survivor Non-survivor Sign OHCA IHCA Card shock Pulm edema Sign
Total number of patients (%) 101 (100) 67 (66.3) 34 (33.7)   37 (36.6) 32 (31.7) 23 (22.8) 9 (8.9)  
ICU interventions
 Invasive mechanical ventilation, no (%) 87 (86.1) 56 (55.5) 31 (30.7) 0.373 37 (36.6) 31 (30.7) 12 (11.9) 7 (6.9) < 0.001
  Duration of IMV, median days (IQR) 2 (1–3) 2 (1–2) 2 (1–6) 0.314 2 (2–4) 1 (1–2) 2 (1–5) 1 (1–1) 0.011
 Non-invasive ventilation, no (%) 25 (24.8) 21 (20.8) 4 (4.0) 0.049 7 (6.9) 5 (5.0) 8 (7.9) 5 (5.0) 0.047
  Duration of NIV, median days (IQR) 1 (1–2) 1 (1–2) 2.5 (1.5–3) 0.075 1 (1–1) 2 (1–2) 2 (1.5–3) 1 (1–1) 0.032
 Inotropes, median number (IQR) 1 (0–1) 0 (0–1) 1 (0–2) 0.005 1 (0–1) 1 (0–2) 0 (0–1) 0 (0–1) 0.617
 Vasopressors, median number (IQR) 0 (0–1) 0 (0–1) 1 (0–1) 0.001 0 (0–1) 0 (0–1) 0 (0–1) 0 (0–1) 0.971
 ECMO, no (%) 7 (6.9) 1 (1.0) 6 (5.9) 0.006 0 (0.0) 7 (6.9) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.001
 Therapeutic hypothermia, no (%) 48 (47.5) 33 (32.7) 15 (14.9) 0.677 32 (31.7) 14 (13.9) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.0) < 0.001
 IABP, no (%) 59 (58.4) 35 (34.7) 24 (23.8) 0.090 15 (14.9) 23 (22.8) 18 (17.8) 3 (3.0) 0.004
 Renal repl therapy, no (%) 27 (26.7) 10 (9.9) 17 (16.8) < 0.001 6 (5.9) 11 (10.9) 8 (7.9) 2 (2.0) 0.273
In-hospital complications
 Major bleeding, no (%) 10 (9.9) 6 (5.9) 4 (4.0) 0.082 0 (0.0) 7 (6.9) 2 (2.0) 1 (1.0) 0.026
 Infections, no (%) 32 (31.7) 21 (20.8) 11 (10.9) 1.000 13 (12.9) 9 (8.9) 7 (6.9) 3 (3.0) 0.936
 Renal dysfunction (new onset), no (%) 34 (33.7) 18 (17.8) 16 (15.8) 0.048 12 (11.9) 11 (10.9) 9 (8.9) 2 (2.0) 0.833
 In ICU Cardiopulmonary arrest, no (%) 7 (6.9) 0 (0.0) 7 (6.9) < 0.001 3 (3.0) 4 (4.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.261
Outcomes
 Duration of ICU stay, median days (IQR) 3 (1–5) 3 (1–4) 2 (0.5–7) 0.389 3 (2–7) 2 (1–5) 3 (0.5–5) 1 (0.5–2) 0.095
 ICU mortality, no (%) 34 (33.7)     11 (10.9) 13 (12.9) 9 (8.9) 1 (1.0) 0.346
 Hospital / 28-day mortality, no (%) 37 (36.6)     12 (11.9) 14 (13.9) 10 (9.9) 1 (1.0) 0.265
Cause of death (of 37 patients)
 Treatment withdrawn, no (%) 25 (67.6)     7 (18.9) 9 (24.3) 8 (21.6) 1 (2.7) 0.632
 Cardiac Arrest, no (%) 7 (18.9)     3 (8.1) 2 (5.4) 2 (5.4) 0 (0.0) 0.867
 Other 5 (13.5)     2 (5.4) 3 (8.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.463