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Table 1 Patient demographic factors for patients admitted to ICU post PPCI. Results are expressed as mean (SD) unless otherwise denoted

From: Clinical outcomes of patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction requiring the intensive care unit

  All patients Outcome Indication for ICU
Survivor Non-survivor Sign OHCA IHCA Card shock Pulm edema Sign
Total no of patients (%) 101 (100) 67 (66.3) 34 (33.7)   37 (36.6) 32 (31.7) 23 (22.8) 9 (8.9)  
Gender Male, no (%) 70 (69.3) 48 (47.5) 22 (21.8) 0.500 29 (28.7) 20 (19.8) 15 (14.9) 6 (5.9) 0.505
Age, years 65.3 (12.8) 63.8 (11.5) 68.3 (14.8) 0.047 60.2 (12.8) 66.8 (12.6) 71.2 (10.7) 66.0 (11.8) 0.009
Cardiovascular risk factors
 Smoking, no (%) 28 (27.7) 19 (18.8) 9 (8.91) 1.000 11 (10.9) 11 (10.9) 3 (3.0) 3 (3.0) 0.335
 Diabetes mellitus, no (%) 21 (20.8) 10 (9.9) 11(10.9) 0.067 4 (4.0) 7 (6.9) 8 (7.9) 2 (2.0) 0.171
 Dyslipidaemia, no (%) 30 (29.7) 22 (21.8) 8 (7.9) 0.367 8 (7.9) 10 (9.9) 9 (8.9) 3 (3.0) 0.526
 Hypertension, no (%) 58 (57.4) 40 (39.6) 18 (17.8) 0.531 18 (17.8) 17 (16.8) 16 (15.8) 7 (6.9) 0.229
Past medical history
 Previous MI, no (%) 20 (19.8) 15 (14.9) 5 (5.0) 0.436 3 (3.0) 4 (4.0) 8 (7.9) 5 (5.0) 0.002
 Previous CAD, no (%) 29 (28.7) 21 (20.8) 8 (7.9) 0.490 4 (4.0) 9 (8.9) 10 (9.9) 6 (5.9) 0.002
 Previous CHF, no (%) 3 (3.0) 2 (2.0) 1 (1.0) 1.000 0 (0.0) 1 (1.0) 1 (1.0) 1 (1.0) 0.340
 Renal failure, no (%) 12 (11.9) 8 (7.9) 4 (4.0) 1.000 3 (3.0) 2 (2.0) 5 (5.0) 2 (2.0) 0.210
 COPD no, no (%) 11 (10.9) 9 (8.9) 2 (2.0) 0.326 3 (3.0) 6 (5.9) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.0) 0.096
Baseline characteristics on admission
 HR (bpm) 79.7 (15.6) 78.5 (16.0) 82.0 (14.5) 0.297 70.6 (15) 80.4 (12.3) 87.8 (13.4) 93.8 (11.7) < 0.001
 Systolic BP (mmHg) 106.8 (19.5) 111.8 (17.9) 96.3 (18.7) < 0.001 106.9 (16.4) 103.16 (20.7) 108.9 (21.2) 114.0 (22.2) 0.462
 MAP (mmHg) 73.0 (13.0) 77.7 (10.3) 63.7 (12.9) < 0.001 72.5 (12.4) 73.7 (15.3) 71.4 (9.5) 77.0 (15.0) 0.720
 PaO2/FiO2 ratio, med (IQR) 143 (98–233) 154 (98–271) 105 (83–173) 0.036 157.9 (105–241) 165 (83–286) 105 (83–143) 128 (75–278) 0.138
 GCS, med (IQR) 3 (3–15) 11 (3–15) 3 (3–3) < 0.001 3 (3–4) 3 (3–14.5) 14 (3–15) 3 (3–15) 0.071
 Serum creatinine (μmol/L), med (IQR) 116 (87–157) 102 (84–129) 156 (115–203) < 0.001 101 (71–126) 116 (95–155) 140 (112–191) 135 (117–144) 0.012
 SOFA score 8.4 (3.3) 7.4 (2.9) 10.4 (3.1) < 0.001 8.6 (2.6) 8.5 (3.5) 8.3 (3.4) 8.0 (5.2) 0.953
Indication for ICU admission
 OHCA, no (%) 37 (36.6) 26 (25.7) 11 (10.9) 0.663      
  Downtime before ROSC (min), (IQR) 20 (15–30) 15 (10–20) 35 (30–40) < 0.001      
 IHCA, no (%) 32 (31.7) 19 (18.8) 13 (12.7) 0.368      
  Downtime before ROSC (min), (IQR) 10 (5–20) 9 (5–14) 15 (5–42) 0.214      
 Cardiogenic shock, no (%) 23 (22.8) 14 (13.9) 9 (8.9) 0.617      
 Acute pulmonary oedema, no (%) 9 (8.9) 8 (7.9) 1 (1.0) 0.266