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Table 2 Bivariate analysis for receiving a tracheostomy

From: Early versus late tracheostomy after decompressive craniectomy for stroke

  No trach Trach p value
N 120 48  
Diagnosis
 ICH 94 (78.3%) 37 (77.1%) 0.860
 Ischemic 26 (21.7%) 11 (22.9%)  
Age, mean (SD) 56.4 (14.6) 52.4 (16.9) 0.129
Male 65 (54%) 26 (54%) 1.000
Race
 White 61 (58%) 25 (56%) 0.740
 African American 34 (32%) 17 (38%)  
 Other 10 (10%) 3 (7%)  
BMI, mean (SD) 27.5 (5.9) 29.4 (10.1) 0.133
GCS on adm., mean (SD) 9.7 (3.7) 8.2 (3.6) 0.023
Adm. mRS, mean (SD) 4.92 (0.50) 5.0 (0) 0.246
SOFA score, mean (SD) 6.2 (2.7) 7.1 (2.9) 0.055
NIHSS, mean (SD) 18.1 (6.8) 18.7 (8.7) 0.853
Location
 Bilateral supratentorial 5 (4.2%) 3 (6.3%) 0.638
 Infratentorial 23 (19.2%) 9 (18.8%)  
 Left supratentorial 38 (31.7%) 19 (39.6%)  
 Right supratentorial 54 (45.0%) 17 (35.4%)  
ICH score, mean (SD) 1.77 (1.00) 1.91 (0.82) 0.458
IVH 41 (44.6%) 21 (56.8%) 0.210
Hydrocephalus 58 (63.7%) 30 (81.1%) 0.055
Time to surgery, mean (SD) 1.23 (2.19) 2.85 (5.77) 0.009
VAP 17 (14.2%) 18 (37.5%) 0.001
Number of VAP, mean (SD) 0.38 (1.00) 1.02 (1.56) 0.002