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Table 1 Characteristics of the patients

From: Effects of Rikkunshito (traditional Japanese medicine) on enteral feeding and the plasma ghrelin level in critically ill patients: a pilot study

  Metoclopramide Rikkunshito P
n = 13 n = 10
Age (years) 75 ± 11 70 ± 13 0.289
Sex (male/female) 8/5 5/5 0.685
Height (cm) 163 ± 9 162 ± 9 0.841
Weight (kg) 58.8 ± 10.8 60.4 ± 12.1 0.770
Body surface area (m2) 1.63 ± 0.16 1.64 ± 0.20 0.914
APACHE II score 28 ± 6 29 ± 10 0.774
Reason for admission to the ICU    
 Post-cardiac arrest 5 4  
 Trauma 3 2  
 Cerebral infarction/hemorrhage 0 3 0.336
 Burn 2 0  
 Others 3 1  
Days of enrollment after admission to the ICU 3.5 ± 1.5 3.0 ± 2.3 0.563
C-reactive protein 8.3 ± 7.5 5.6 ± 6.7 0.385
Basal energy expenditure (kcal/day) 1,219 ± 161 1,255 ± 239 0.703
Target volume of enteral feeding (mL/h) 46.7 ± 7.8 51.0 ± 12.9 0.341
Observational period (day) 9.3 ± 2.2 9.8 ± 0.6 0.430
  1. APACHE Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, ICU intensive care unit.