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  1. Research

    Combined inhibition of C5 and CD14 efficiently attenuated the inflammatory response in a porcine model of meningococcal sepsis

    Fulminant meningococcal sepsis, characterized by overwhelming innate immune activation, mostly affects young people and causes high mortality. This study aimed to investigate the effect of targeting two key mo...

    Bernt C. Hellerud, Hilde L. Orrem, Knut Dybwik, Søren E. Pischke, Andreas Baratt-Due, Albert Castellheim, Hilde Fure, Grethe Bergseth, Dorte Christiansen, Miles A. Nunn, Terje Espevik, Corinna Lau, Petter Brandtzæg, Erik W. Nielsen and Tom E. Mollnes

    Journal of Intensive Care 2017 5:21

    Published on: 27 February 2017

  2. Research

    The relationship between cerebral regional oxygen saturation during extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the neurological outcome in a retrospective analysis of 16 cases

    In recent years, the measurement of cerebral regional oxygen saturation (rSO2) during resuscitation has attracted attention. The objective of this study was to clarify the relationship between the serial changes ...

    Naoki Ehara, Tomoya Hirose, Tadahiko Shiozaki, Akinori Wakai, Tetsuro Nishimura, Nobuto Mori, Mitsuo Ohnishi, Daikai Sadamitsu and Takeshi Shimazu

    Journal of Intensive Care 2017 5:20

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  3. Research

    Prolonged direct hemoperfusion using a polymyxin B immobilized fiber cartridge provides sustained circulatory stabilization in patients with septic shock: a retrospective observational before-after study

    Direct hemoperfusion therapy with polymyxin B immobilized fiber cartridges (PMX-DHP) is widely used for septic shock in Japan and parts of Europe. Although this treatment is usually administered for 2 h, the o...

    Kyohei Miyamoto, Yu Kawazoe and Seiya Kato

    Journal of Intensive Care 2017 5:19

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  4. Research

    Long-term cognitive outcomes among unselected ventilated and non-ventilated ICU patients

    Cognitive dysfunction is an important long-term complication of critical illness associated with reduced quality of life, increase in healthcare costs, and institutionalization. Delirium, an acute form of brai...

    José Raimundo A. de Azevedo, Widlani Sousa Montenegro, Djane Pereira Rodrigues, Suellen C. de C. Souza, Vanessa F. S. Araujo, Margareth Pereira de Paula, Patricia H. C. P. Prazeres, Adenilde da Luz Leitão and Adriana V. N. Mendonça

    Journal of Intensive Care 2017 5:18

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  5. Research

    Psychological rumination and recovery from work in intensive care professionals: associations with stress, burnout, depression and health

    The work demands of critical care can be a major cause of stress in intensive care unit (ICU) professionals and lead to poor health outcomes. In the process of recovery from work, psychological rumination is c...

    Tushna Vandevala, Louisa Pavey, Olga Chelidoni, Nai-Feng Chang, Ben Creagh-Brown and Anna Cox

    Journal of Intensive Care 2017 5:16

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  6. Review

    The impact of changes in intensive care organization on patient outcome and cost-effectiveness—a narrative review

    The mortality rate of critically ill patients is high and the cost of the intensive (ICU) department is among the highest within the health-care industry. The cost will continue to increase because of the agin...

    Alexander F. van der Sluijs, Eline R. van Slobbe-Bijlsma, Stephen E. Chick, Margreeth B. Vroom, Dave A. Dongelmans and Alexander P. J. Vlaar

    Journal of Intensive Care 2017 5:13

    Published on: 25 January 2017

  7. Review

    Dynamics of fibrinogen in acute phases of trauma

    Fibrinogen is a unique precursor of fibrin and cannot be compensated for by other coagulation factors. If plasma fibrinogen concentrations are insufficient, hemostatic clots cannot be formed with the appropria...

    Mineji Hayakawa

    Journal of Intensive Care 2017 5:3

    Published on: 20 January 2017

  8. Review

    Tranexamic acid and trauma-induced coagulopathy

    Tranexamic acid (TXA) is a synthetic derivative of the amino acid lysine that inhibits fibrinolysis by blocking the interaction of plasminogen with the lysine residues of fibrin. Historically, TXA is commonly ...

    Takeshi Nishida, Takahiro Kinoshita and Kazuma Yamakawa

    Journal of Intensive Care 2017 5:5

    Published on: 20 January 2017

  9. Letter to the Editor

    Comments to Role of upper airway ultrasound in airway management

    Tracheal ultrasound can be an alternative diagnostic tool in airway management, besides traditional confirmatory methods such as capnography and auscultation. The standard image is a hyperechoic air–mucosa (A–...

    Wan-Ching Lien

    Journal of Intensive Care 2017 5:10

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  10. Research

    Hemodynamic effects of electrical muscle stimulation in the prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis for intensive care unit patients: a randomized trial

    Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a major complication in critical care. There are various methods of prophylaxis, but none of them fully prevent DVT, and each method has adverse effects. Electrical muscle stimula...

    Masahiro Ojima, Ryosuke Takegawa, Tomoya Hirose, Mitsuo Ohnishi, Tadahiko Shiozaki and Takeshi Shimazu

    Journal of Intensive Care 2017 5:9

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  11. Case report

    Heat stroke with bimodal rhabdomyolysis: a case report and review of the literature

    Severe heat stroke tends to be complicated with rhabdomyolysis, especially in patients with exertional heat stroke. Rhabdomyolysis usually occurs in the acute phase of heat stroke. We herein report a case of h...

    Toshihiko Yoshizawa, Kazuhiko Omori, Ikuto Takeuchi, Yuto Miyoshi, Hiroshi Kido, Etsuhisa Takahashi, Kei Jitsuiki, Kouhei Ishikawa, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Manabu Sugita and Youichi Yanagawa

    Journal of Intensive Care 2016 4:71

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  12. Commentary

    Why is prone positioning so unpopular?

    Recent studies have shown acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) to be underdiagnosed and inadequately treated, as evidenced by underutilization of low-tidal volume ventilation. Despite a proven survival b...

    Jason Chertoff

    Journal of Intensive Care 2016 4:70

    Published on: 25 November 2016

  13. Research

    Nicotine replacement therapy for agitation and delirium management in the intensive care unit: a systematic review of the literature

    Active smokers are prevalent within the intensive care setting and place a significant burden on healthcare systems. Nicotine withdrawal due to forced abstinence on admission may contribute to increased agitat...

    Melanie Kowalski, Andrew A. Udy, Hayden J. McRobbie and Michael J. Dooley

    Journal of Intensive Care 2016 4:69

    Published on: 15 November 2016

  14. Research

    Accuracy of Critical Care Pain Observation Tool and Behavioral Pain Scale to assess pain in critically ill conscious and unconscious patients: prospective, observational study

    Critically ill patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) may suffer from different painful stimuli, but the assessment of pain is difficult because most of them are almost sedated and unable to self-repor...

    Paolo Severgnini, Paolo Pelosi, Elena Contino, Elisa Serafinelli, Raffaele Novario and Maurizio Chiaranda

    Journal of Intensive Care 2016 4:68

    Published on: 7 November 2016

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