Skip to main content

Table 2 Univariate and multivariate analyses for predictive factors of CPC 1–2

From: Post-resuscitation diastolic blood pressure is a prognostic factor for outcomes of cardiac arrest patients: a multicenter retrospective registry-based analysis

  CPC 1–2 (n,%) CPC 1–2 (n,%) p-value Adjusted OR p-value
Yes, n = 89 No, n = 359 (95% CI)
Age (years)  < 0.001*   
 < 40 16 (18.0%) 19 (5.3%)
 40–60 30 (33.7%) 92 (25.6%)
 60–80 31 (34.8%) 173 (48.2%)
 > 80 12 (13.5%) 75 (20.9%)
Origin 0.924   
 OHCA 73 (82.0%) 296 (82.5%)
 IHCA 16 (18.0%) 63 (17.5%)
Gender, male 63 (70.8%) 223 (62.1%) 0.128   
DM 25 (28.1%) 158 (44.0%) 0.006* 0.53 (0.28–0.98) 0.044*
HTN 48 (53.9%) 199 (55.4%) 0.799   
CAD 26 (29.2%) 95 (26.5%) 0.601   
HF 12 (13.5%) 79 (22.0%) 0.074   
COPD 4 (4.5%) 48 (13.4%) 0.019*   
ESRD 7 (7.9%) 51 (14.2%) 0.157   
Malignancy 6 (6.7%) 53 (14.8%) 0.045* 0.26 (0.09–0.71) 0.009*
Witness 80 (89.9%) 272 (75.8%) 0.004*   
Bystander CPR 71 (79.8%) 222 (61.8%) 0.001* 2.88 (1.41–5.87) 0.004*
Cardiac etiology 64 (71.9%) 153 (42.6%)  < 0.001*   
Initial rhythm  < 0.001*    < 0.001*
 Asystole 6 (6.7%) 181 (50.4%) Reference
 PEA 25 (28.1%) 91 (25.3%) 8.59 (3.18–23.24)*
 VT/VF 58 (65.2%) 87 (24.2%) 17.78 (6.45–48.95)*
CPR duration (min) 0.006*   0.008*
 < 10 30 (33.7%) 70 (19.5%) Reference
 Oct-20 28 (31.5%) 99 (27.6%) 0.46 (0.21–1.02)
 20–30 17 (19.1%) 84 (23.4%) 0.28 (0.12–0.67)*
 > 30 14 (15.7%) 106 (29.5%) 0.24 (0.10–0.62)*
Epinephrine dosage (mg)  < 0.001*   0.015*
 0–2 70 (78.7%) 165 (46.0%) Reference
 2–4 11 (12.4%) 98 (27.3%) 0.33 (0.15–0.75)*
 4–6 3 (3.4%) 36 (10.0%) 0.39 (0.10–1.50)
 > 6 5 (5.6%) 60 (16.7%) 0.34 (0.11–1.07)
ROSC SBP (mmHg) 0.116   
 < 100 15 (16.9%) 94 (26.2%)
 100–110 3 (3.4%) 31 (8.6%)
 110–120 9 (10.1%) 30 (8.4%)
 120–130 8 (9.0%) 25 (7.0%)
 > 130 54 (60.7%) 179 (49.9%)
ROSC DBP (mmHg) 0.003*   0.091
 < 60 14 (15.7%) 126 (35.1%) Reference
 60–70 13 (14.6%) 56 (15.6%) 1.17 (0.44–3.12)
 70–80 12 (13.5%) 47 (13.1%) 2.33 (0.84–6.47)
 80–90 14 (15.7%) 40 (11.1%) 2.20 (0.79–6.14)
 > 90 36 (40.4%) 90 (25.1%) 2.73 (1.22–6.10)*
ROSC MBP (mmHg) 0.006*   
 < 80 18 (20.2%) 130 (36.2%)
 80–90 7 (7.9%) 43 (12.0%)
 90–100 20 (22.5%) 49 (13.6%)
 100–110 6 (6.7%) 32 (8.9%)
 > 110 38 (42.7%) 105 (29.2%)
PCI 51 (57.3%) 72 (20.1%)  < 0.001*   
  1. CPC cerebral performance category, OHCA out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, IHCA in-hospital cardiac arrest, DM diabetes mellitus, HTN hypertension, CAD coronary artery disease, HF heart failure, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ESRD end-stage renal disease, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, PEA pulseless electrical activity, VT ventricular arrhythmia, VF ventricular fibrillation, ROSC return of spontaneous circulation, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, MBP mean blood pressure, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
  2. *Indicates p-value < 0.05