Skip to main content

Table 1 Univariate and multivariate analyses for predictive factors of survival

From: Post-resuscitation diastolic blood pressure is a prognostic factor for outcomes of cardiac arrest patients: a multicenter retrospective registry-based analysis

  Survival to discharge (n,%) Survival to discharge (n,%) p-value Adjusted OR p-value
Yes, n = 182 No, n = 266 (95% CI)
Age (years) 0.004*   
 < 40 21 (11.5%) 14 (5.3%)
 40–60 60 (33.0%) 62 (23.2%)
 60–80 72 (39.6%) 132 (49.6%)
 > 80 29 (15.9%) 58 (21.8%)
Origin 0.597   
 OHCA 152 (83.5%) 217 (81.6%)
 IHCA 30 (16.5%) 49 (18.4%)
Gender, male 123 (67.6%) 163 (61.3%) 0.173   
DM 60 (33.0%) 123 (46.2%) 0.005*   
HTN 95 (52.2%) 152 (57.1%) 0.301   
CAD 45 (24.7%) 76 (28.6%) 0.368   
HF 23 (12.6%) 68 (25.6%) 0.001* 0.51 (0.29–0.95)* 0.021*
COPD 21 (11.5%) 31 (11.7%) 0.97   
ESRD 12 (6.6%) 46 (17.3%) 0.001* 0.43 (0.21–0.89)* 0.022*
Malignancy 21 (11.5%) 38 (14.3%) 0.398   
Witness 154 (84.6%) 198 (74.4%) 0.010*   
Bystander CPR 132 (72.5%) 161 (60.5%) 0.009*   
Cardiac etiology 108 (59.3%) 109 (41.0%)  < 0.001*   
Initial rhythm  < 0.001*   0.001*
 Asystole 46 (25.3%) 141 (53.0%) Reference
 PEA 51 (28.0%) 64 (24.4%) 2.23 (1.32–3.77)*
 VT/VF 85 (46.7%) 60 (22.6%) 2.69 (1.54–4.69)*
CPR duration (min) 0.105   
 < 10 46 (25.3%) 54 (20.3%)
 Oct-20 57 (31.3%) 70 (26.3%)
 20–30 41 (22.5%) 60 (22.6%)
 > 30 38 (20.9%) 82 (30.8%)
Epinephrine dosage (mg) 0.001*   0.038*
 0–2 114 (62.6%) 121 (45.5%) Reference
 2–4 41 (22.5%) 68 (25.6%) 0.86 (0.51–1.44)
 4–6 12 (6.6%) 27 (10.2%) 0.70 (0.31–1.55)
 > 6 15 (8.2%) 50 (18.8%) 0.36 (0.18–0.72)*
ROSC SBP (mmHg) 0.061   
 < 100 32 (17.6%) 77 (28.9%)
 100–110 13 (7.1%) 21 (7.9%)
 110–120 16 (8.8%) 23 (8.6%)
 120–130 13 (7.1%) 20 (7.5%)
 > 130 108 (59.3%) 125 (47.0%)
ROSC DBP (mmHg)  < 0.001*   0.005*
 < 60 37 (20.3%) 103 (38.7%) Reference
 60–70 27 (14.8%) 42 (15.8%) 1.14 (0.58–2.24)
 70–80 32 (17.6%) 27 (10.2%) 3.31 (1.65–6.64)*
 80–90 26 (14.3%) 28 (10.5%) 2.13 (1.03–4.40)*
 > 90 60 (33.0%) 66 (24.8%) 1.95 (1.11–3.42)*
ROSC MBP (mmHg) 0.003*   
 < 80 43 (23.6%) 105 (39.5%)
 80–90 19 (10.4%) 31 (11.7%)
 90–100 35 (19.2%) 34 (12.8%)
 100–110 14 (7.7%) 24 (9.0%)
 > 110 71 (39.0%) 72 (27.1%)
PCI 78 (42.9%) 45 (16.9%)  < 0.001* 2.62 (1.54–4.47)  < 0.001*
  1. OHCA out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, IHCA in-hospital cardiac arrest, DM diabetes mellitus, HTN hypertension, CAD coronary artery disease, HF heart failure, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ESRD end-stage renal disease, CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, PEA pulseless electrical activity, VT ventricular arrhythmia, VF ventricular fibrillation, ROSC return of spontaneous circulation, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, MBP mean blood pressure, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
  2. *Indicates p-value < 0.05