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Table 3 Patient outcomes by quartile of the timing of tracheostomy

From: Association between early tracheostomy and patient outcomes in critically ill patients on mechanical ventilation: a multicenter cohort study

  Q1
Tracheostomy ≤ 6 days
Q2
Tracheostomy 7–10 days
Q3
Tracheostomy 11–14 days
Q4
Tracheostomy > 14 days
OR for quartile increment (95% CI) p value for trend
ICU mortality
 n (%) 17/444 (3.8%) 20/405 (4.9%) 29/322 (9.0%) 56/364 (15.4%)   
 Crude OR (95% CI) 1 (reference) 1.30 (0.67–2.53) 2.49 (1.34–4.61) 4.57 (2.6–8.01) 1.72 (1.44–2.05) < 0.001
 Adjusted OR (95% CI) * 1 (reference) 1.25 (0.64–2.43) 2.34 (1.25–4.35) 4.57 (2.59–8.04) 1.73 (1.45–2.07) < 0.001
Hospital mortality
 n (%) 79 (17.7%) 103 (25.4%) 96 (29.7%) 118 (32.4%)   
 Crude OR (95% CI) 1 (reference) 1.58 (1.14–2.2) 1.96 (1.4–2.76) 2.23 (1.61–3.09) 1.29 (1.17–1.43) < 0.001
 Adjusted OR (95% CI)* 1 (reference) 1.52 (1.08–2.13) 1.82 (1.28–2.59) 2.26 (1.61–3.16) 1.30 (1.17–1.44) < 0.001
  1. *Adjusted OR for age, sex, APACHE II score in mortality
  2. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, ICU intensive care unit