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Table 4 Frequency of contents of goals-of-care discussion with patient’s family in ICU

From: Current status of palliative care delivery and self-reported practice in ICUs in Japan: a nationwide cross-sectional survey of physician directors

  n = 413
  n % (95% CI)
Expected future course of the diseasea 401 97 (95–98)
Estimated prognosisa 392 95 (92–97)
Family’s preferred treatment and carea 382 92 (90–95)
Estimated patient’s preferred treatmenta 354 86 (82–89)
Withholding or withdrawing life sustaining treatmenta 325 79 (74–82)
Identification of surrogate decision-maker of the patienta 323 78 (74–82)
Preferred place of carea 294 71 (67–75)
Physical, psychological, or social problems in the familya 279 68 (63–72)
Contents of advance care planning discussion or advance directivesa 267 65 (60–69)
  1. Percentages do not add up to 100% due to duplicate responses
  2. ICU intensive care unit
  3. CI confidence interval
  4. aThe number and percentage who answered ‘always’ and ‘usually’ on a 4-point Likert scale