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Table 3 Survival to discharge and trends for in-hospital cardiac arrest

From: Incidence and outcomes of in-hospital cardiac arrest in Japan 2011–2017: a nationwide inpatient database study

  Total Fiscal year P for trend
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Survival to discharge, %
 Overall 12.7 10.5 12.2 12.6 12.7 13.4 13.4 14.0 < 0.001
 Patients with defibrillation 23.3 19.9 22.6 23.1 23.5 25.0 24.5 24.8 < 0.001
 Patients without defibrillation 10.5 8.6 10.0 10.6 10.6 11.0 11.2 11.8 < 0.001
 Patients with ECPR 21.3 18.3 21.6 19.0 21.3 21.0 21.7 24.8 < 0.001
 Age category
  Aged < 1 year 38.0 33.7 36.2 36.3 34.2 41.5 44.2 41.4 < 0.001
  Aged 1–18 years 25.2 22.0 21.1 26.6 26.3 27.6 25.5 27.1 0.035
  Aged 19–64 years 18.6 15.6 17.0 18.4 18.8 19.7 20.4 21.2 < 0.001
  Aged 65–74 years 15.3 12.7 15.0 14.8 15.7 15.5 16.4 17.0 < 0.001
  Aged 75–84 years 10.9 8.9 10.4 10.4 10.8 11.7 11.4 12.6 < 0.001
  Aged > 84 years 6.5 5.4 6.3 6.6 6.4 7.0 6.8 7.1 < 0.001
 Illness category
  Medical—cardiac 18.4 16.5 18.5 18.3 18.9 19.4 18.6 19.1 < 0.001
  Medical—noncardiac 8.4 6.9 7.9 8.4 8.4 8.9 9.1 9.4 < 0.001
  Surgical—cardiac 31.1 27.2 33.2 30.6 30.2 30.8 33.9 31.0 0.11
  Surgical—noncardiac 17.4 13.0 16.1 17.5 17.9 18.4 18.9 20.8 < 0.001
  Obstetric 55.6 61.1 47.6 64.0 65.0 50.0 45.5 55.6 0.53
  Trauma 9.3 8.8 8.5 9.8 8.5 9.6 9.4 10.6 0.023
  1. Each fiscal year started on 01 April and ended on 31 March
  2. ECPR extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation