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Table 2 Blood transfusion, hemorrhage control requirements, and outcomes

From: Association between the plasma-to-red blood cell ratio and survival in geriatric and non-geriatric trauma patients undergoing massive transfusion: a retrospective cohort study

Variable Non-geriatric age group
(n = 12,241)
Geriatric age group
(n = 1653)
p-value
Blood transfusion, units    
 Within 4 h    
  RBC, median (IQR) 9 (6–14) 8 (6–13)  < 0.001
  Plasma, median (IQR) 6 (3–9) 4 (3–9)  < 0.001
  Platelets, median (IQR) 1 (0–2) 1 (0–2) 0.024
 Within 24 h    
  RBC, median (IQR) 11 (7–16) 10 (7–16) 0.188
  Plasma, median (IQR) 7 (4–12) 6 (4–11) 0.001
  Platelets, median (IQR) 2 (1–3) 2 (1–3) 0.074
Hemorrhage control    
 Angioembolization, n (%) 1713 (13.9) 337 (20.4)  < 0.001
 Surgery, n (%) 9743 (79.6) 1128 (68.2)  < 0.001
Outcome    
 In-hospital mortality, n (%) 3464 (28.3) 782 (47.3)  < 0.001
 24-h mortality, n (%) 2231 (18.2) 430 (26.0)  < 0.001
 Hospital LOS, median (IQR) 14 (3–27) 9 (1–22)  < 0.001
 ICU admission, n (%) 10,641 (86.9) 1444 (87.3) 0.668
 ICU LOS, median (IQR) 8 (2–12) 7 (2–16) 0.157
 Ventilator days, median (IQR) 4 (2–12) 4 (1–12) 0.443
 Any adverse events, n (%) 2685 (21.9) 377 (22.8) 0.440
  Cardiac failure, n (%) 43 (0.4) 44 (2.7)  < 0.001
  Respiratory failure, n (%) 698 (5.7) 82 (5.0) 0.241
  Renal failure, n (%) 856 (7.0) 136 (8.2) 0.075
  Thrombosis, n (%) 1337 (11.0) 134 (12.2) 0.102
  Sepsis, n (%) 370 (3.0) 37 (3.0) 1.000
  Others, n (%) 1052 (8.6) 149 (9.0) 0.412
  1. RBC red blood cell; IQR interquartile range; LOS length of stay; ICU intensive care unit