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Table 3 Unadjusted and adjusted associations between physical restraint and unfavorable (mRS3-6) outcomes

From: Association between physical restraint requirement and unfavorable neurologic outcomes in subarachnoid hemorrhage

Variables Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Age (> 65 years) 5.62 (2.44–13.61) < 0.001 8.62 (3.00–28.49) < 0.001
Hunt & Kosnik gradea 2.18 (1.43–3.50) < 0.001 2.48 (1.49–4.43) < 0.001
Treatment modality (coil vs. clip) 1.55 (0.59–4.19) 0.374 1.03 (0.28–3.86) 0.962
Aneurysm location (ACAb or not) 2.34 (0.995–5.737) 0.051 3.51 (1.12–12.47) 0.031
Physical restraint during the first 24 to 72 h after admission
 No physical restraint Reference   Reference  
 Intermittent physical restraint 1.99 (0.75–5.37) 0.165 1.05 (0.30–3.51) 0.943
 Continuous physical restraint 4.48 (1.68–12.88) 0.002 3.54 (1.05–13.06) 0.042
  1. mRS modified Rankin scale, ACA Anterior cerebral arteries, OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval
  2. aContinuous variable
  3. bIncluding the anterior cerebral artery and anterior communicating artery