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Table 1 Characteristics of reference persons

From: Psychological effects of remote-only communication among reference persons of ICU patients during COVID-19 pandemic

  N = 88
Age Median, SD 57 (15)
Gender: female n (%) 57 (65)
Relationship to patient: first degree n (%) 81 (92)
 Spouse/partner   51 (58)
 Grown child   22 (25)
 Parent   5 (6)
 Sister/brother   3 (3)
 Other   7 (8)
Professional occupation n (%)  
 Working/studying   44 (50)
 Unemployed   24 (27)
 Retired   19 (22)
Sleep quality 10 points Likert-type scale 6 [4; 8]
Security feeling 10 points Likert-type scale 9 [7; 10]
Confidence feeling 10 points Likert-type scale 10 [9; 10]
Satisfaction feeling 10 points Likert-type scale 10 [9; 10]
Comprehension 10 points Likert-type scale 10 [8; 10]
Increased smokinga 5 points Likert-type scale 4 [3; 4]
Increased alcohol consumptiona 5 points Likert-type scale 4 [3; 4]
Baseline HADS at ICU admission Numeric score 23 [16; 31]
 Anxiety/admission Numeric score 13 [9; 16]
 Depression / admission Numeric score 10 [7; 13]
HADS at ICU discharge or death Numeric score 16 [9; 21]
 Anxiety/ICU discharge Numeric score 8 [5; 12]
 Depression/ICU discharge Numeric score 7 [3; 11]
  1. For count variables: sum and percentage. For numeric score variables and Likert-type scale variables: Median [IQR]
  2. a1 point: completely agree; 2 points: somewhat agree; 3 points: somewhat disagree; 4 points: completely disagree; 5 points: no advice