Skip to main content

Table 5 Characteristics of phlebitis

From: Occurrence and incidence rate of peripheral intravascular catheter-related phlebitis and complications in critically ill patients: a prospective cohort study (AMOR-VENUS study)

Variables Total
n = 535
Clinical sign of insertion site
 Pain/total PIVCs 147/382 (38.5%)
 Erythema (n, %) 512/535 (95.7%)
 Edema (n, %) 157/514 (30.6%)
 Streak formation (n, %) 95/516 (18.4%)
 Palpable venous cord (n, %) 24/510 (4.7%)
 Palpable venous cord > 1 in. (n, %) 17/507 (3.4%)
No. of times phlebitis observed before removal (n, %)
 1 388/535 (71.9%)
 2 63/535 (11.7%)
 3 28/535 (5.2%)
 4 20/535 (3.7%)
 5 29/535 (5.4%)
 > 5 12//535 (2.2%)
Maximal grade of phlebitis
 1 (n, %) 387/535 (72.3%)
Removed in ICU 372/387 (96.1%)
Time to removala, median (IQR), hours 36.9 (18.3–61.1)
 2 (n, %) 130/535 (24.3%)
Removed in ICU 127/130 (97.7%)
Time to removala, median (IQR), hours 31.5 (16.5–54.1)
 3 (n, %) 10/535 (1.9%)
Removed in ICU 10/10 (100%)
Time to removala, median (IQR), hours 21.9 (17.1–60.1)
 4 (n, %) 8/535 (1.5%)
Removed in ICU 8/8 (100%)
Time to removala, median (IQR), hours 38.7 (35.6–47.9)
  1. CI confidence interval, CRBSI catheter-related blood stream infection, ICU intensive care unit. IQR interquartile range. PIVC peripheral intravenous catheter
  2. aTime to removal means the duration between insertion and removal of the catheter