Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient characteristics before and after visitation restriction

From: Association between visitation restriction during the COVID-19 pandemic and delirium incidence among emergency admission patients: a single-center retrospective observational cohort study in Japan

Variables, number, (% or IQR) All patients (N = 6264) Visitation restriction
Before (January 2019–March 2020) (N = 5251) After (April 2020–June 2020) (N = 1013)
Age, years 74 [56–83] 74 [56–83] 75 [58–84]
Age group, n
 18–64 years 2059 (32.9%) 1732 (33.0%) 327 (32.3%)
 65–74 years 1094 (17.5%) 929 (17.7%) 165 (16.3%)
 ≥ 75 years 3111 (49.7%) 2590 (49.3%) 521 (51.4%)
Sex, male, n 3303 (52.7%) 2762 (52.6%) 541 (53.4%)
Primary diagnosis, n
 Neurological disease 1243 (19.8%) 1038 (19.8%) 205 (20.2%)
 Cardiovascular disease 794 (12.7%) 679 (12.9%) 115 (11.4%)
 Respiratory disease 580 (9.3%) 480 (9.1%) 100 (9.9%)
  COVID-19 infection 10 (0.2%) 0 (0.0%) 10 (1.0%)
 Digestive disease 1249 (19.9%) 1040 (19.8%) 209 (20.6%)
 Pregnancy, gynecological disease 413 (6.6%) 365 (7%) 48 (4.7%)
 Trauma 1042 (16.6%) 876 (16.7%) 166 (16.4%)
 Others 943 (15.1%) 773 (14.7%) 170 (16.8%)
Ward type on admission, n
 Emergency ward 3089 (49.3%) 2615 (49.8%) 474 (46.8%)
 General ward 3175 (50.7%) 2636 (50.2%) 539 (53.2%)
Ventilator management, n 615 (9.8%) 518 (9.9%) 97 (9.6%)
General anesthesia surgery, n 950 (15.2%) 783 (14.9%) 167 (16.5%)
Dementia, n 1161 (18.5%) 957 (18.2%) 204 (20.1%)
Death in hospital, n 431 (6.9%) 368 (7.0%) 63 (6.2%)
  1. Values are median (interquartile range [IQR]) or number (percentage)