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Table 1 Initiatives by the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare (MHLW) to promote AI in medicine

From: The advent of medical artificial intelligence: lessons from the Japanese approach

FieldInitiatives spearheaded by the MHLW
Genomic medicine Establishment of the Center for Cancer Genome Information Management within the National Cancer Center and aggregate genome information
Creation of a central information database from which clinical and genetic information would be analyzed by the Cancer Genome Information Management Center
Image diagnosis support Creation of a diagnostic image database through a collaboration with various academic societies (Japanese Society of Pathology, the Japanese Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the Japanese Society of Radiology, and the Japanese Society of Ophthalmology, etc.)
Implementation of guidelines through the Medical Practitioners Act and the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Act
Diagnostic and treatment support Build an information infrastructure that covers a wide range of intractable diseases with research funding from the Japan Medical Research and Development Organization (AMED)
Implementation of guidelines through the Medical Practitioners Act and the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Act
Drug development Creation of a knowledge database to locate drug targets with the National Institute of Biomedical Innovation and Health and Nutrition (NIBIO)
Matching pharmaceutical and IT companies with support from the National Institute of Biomedical Innovation and Health and Nutrition, RIKEN, and Kyoto University
Nursing care and dementia Provision of grants for the development of data collection and prediction tools for early detection and prevention of serious illnesses in nursing care
Surgical support Provision of grants for the standardization of the interface for interlinking surgical data