Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Patient characteristics and outcome according to head trauma

From: Circadian disruption of core body temperature in trauma patients: a single-center retrospective observational study

VariablesHead trauma (n = 176)Non-head trauma (n = 72)p
Age, years36 [23–54]35 [24–49]0.86
Sex, men127 (72.0)54 (75.0)0.65
BMI, kg/m224 [22–26]24 [23–26]0.36
Initial trauma condition
 Glasgow Coma Scale6 [4–10]15 [14–15]< 0.001
 Head injury   
 Intracranial hypertension80 (45.5)0 (0.0)
 Surgery in the first 24 h84 (47.7)58 (80.6)< 0.001
 SAPS248 ± 1642 ± 17< 0.001
Severity of the trauma
 ISS34 [25–43]27 [23–41]0.02
 AIS head or neck5 [4–5]0 [0–0]
 AIS chest2 [0–3]3 [0–3]0.02
 AIS abdomen or pelvic0 [0–0]2 [0–4]< 0.001
 AIS extremities0 [0–2]0 [0–3]0.10
 AIS rachis0 [0–2]0 [0–3]0.02
Treatments
 Mechanical ventilation130 (74.2)33 (45.8)< 0.001
 Acetaminophen115 (65.3)44 (61.1)0.53
 Benzodiazepine109 (61.9)27 (37.5)< 0.001
 Opioids144 (81.8)58 (80.6)0.82
 Neuro-muscular blockers34 (19.3)3 (4.2)0.002
 Ketamine22 (12.5)2 (2.8)0.02
 Craniectomy13 (7.4)0 (0.0)
 Transfusion0 [0–2]0 [0–6]< 0.001
In-hospital transport92 (52.3)43 (59.7)0.28
Outcome
 28-day mortality37 (21.0)8 (11.1)0.07
 Days on mechanical ventilation7 [4–14]4 [1–9]< 0.001
 Days on vasopressor infusion2 [1–4]2 [1–4]0.40
 Day in the ICU stay10 [5–20]8 [4–14]0.14
 Days in the hospital13 [7–24]10 [6–15]0.10
Temperature rhythm
 Period24 [22–48]24 [22–46]0.42
 Mesor37.5 [37.1–37.7]37.6 [37.2–38.0]0.01
 Amplitude0.35 [0.27–0.55]0.34 [0.26–0.54]0.63
  1. Results are expressed as median [IQR] for quantitative variables and number (%) for categorical variables
  2. BMI Body mass index, SAPS2 Severity Assessment Physiology Score 2, ISS Injury Severity Score, AIS Abbreviated Injury Scale