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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Change in diaphragm and intercostal muscle thickness in mechanically ventilated patients: a prospective observational ultrasonography study

CharacteristicsOverall (n = 80)
Age, mean ±SD, year68 ± 14
Male/female54/26
Body mass index, mean ± SD, kg/m224 ± 4
APACHE II score24 (19–30)
SOFA, mean in the first 3 days9 (5–12)
Sepsis (sepsis-3 criteria), n (%)31 (39)
ICU admission reasons, n (%)
 Respiratory failure22 (28)
 Post-cardiac surgery15 (19)
 Heart failure8 (10)
 Sepsis, nonrespiratory7 (9)
 Stroke7 (9)
 Cardiac arrest5 (6)
 Traumas2 (3)
 Others14 (18)
  1. Data were expressed as median (IQR) unless otherwise indicated
  2. SD standard deviation, APACHE Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment