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Table 4 Summary of the published studies on pediatric long-stay patients

From: Long-stay pediatric patients in Japanese intensive care units: their significant presence and a newly developed, simple predictive score

StudyAuthor, yearCountryStudy periodNo. of ICUsICU characteristicsStudy populationExclusion criteria
1Pollack et al., 1987 [3]USA1981–2, 1984–51Multidisciplinary PICUs647NA
2Marcin et al., 2001 [6]USANA32General PICUs11,165NA
3van der Heide et al., 2004 [10]Netherlands1992–19971Multidisciplinary PICUs34Age < 1 year old, >18 years old
4Naghib et al., 2010 [7]Netherlands2003–20051Multidisciplinary PICUs2607None
5Namachivayam et al., 2012 [8]Australia1989–20081Tertiary PICUs27,536NA
6Nupen et al., 2017 [17]South AfricaNA1Multidisciplinary PICUs1126NA
7Pollack et al., 2018 [5]USA2011–20138General and cardiac PICUs10,078Age > 18 years old
8Knaup et al., 2019Japan2013–20167General PICUs and mixed adult-pediatric ICUs4107Age > 16 years old
StudyLSP definitionLSP numberLSP ageLOS of LSPs (days)Bed occupancy by LSPsMortality (SSPs/LSPs)
1> 13 days7.1% (n = 46)13 months*35.8**50.0%7.3%/17.4%
2> 12 days4.7% (n = 460)45.5 months*28.3*36.1%4.4%/15.0%
3≥ 30 daysNA (n = 19)10.7 years**37**NANA/10.5%
4≥ 28 days4.4% (n = 116)1 month**56*63.0%4.6%/22.0%
5≥ 28 days1.0% (n = 269)4.2 months*40*18.5%NA
6> 19 days4.8% (n = 54)4.0 months*29.5*30.4%2.4%/29.6%
7≥ 19 days4.6%NANA37.6%NA
8> 14 days8.0% (n = 330)10 months*21*38.0%1.3%/9.1%
  1. *Median
  2. **Mean
  3. ICU intensive care unit, LOS length of stay, LSP(s) long-stay patient(s), NA not available, SSPs short-stay patients, USA the United States of America