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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of all patients included in this study by DIC status (N=415)

From: Differential effect of lactate in predicting mortality in septic patients with or without disseminated intravascular coagulation: a multicenter, retrospective, observational study

Parameter All (n = 415) DIC group (n = 159) Non-DIC group (n = 256) p value
Men, n/% 281/68% 111/70% 170/66% 0.518
Age, years 72 (63–78) 71 (64–79) 72 (62–77) 0.6715
BMI 21 (18.5–23.6) 21 (18.4–23.7) 21 (18.6–23.5) 0.9842
SOFA score 7 (4–11) 10 (7–13) 6 (3–9) < 0.001
SIRS score 2 (2–3) 3 (2–3) 2 (1–3) < 0.001
APACHE II score 23 (17–30) 26 (20–35) 21 (16–28) < 0.001
Lactate value, mmol/L 1.7 (1.1–3.3) 2.6 (1.3–4.6) 1.6 (1.0–2.6) < 0.001
Source of sepsis
 Abdominal, n/% 158/38% 59/37% 99/39% 0.756
 Respiratory, n/% 134/32% 49/31% 85/33% 0.666
 Intravascular, n/% 45/11% 18/11% 27/11% 0.871
 Skin/joint, n/% 42/10% 8/5.0% 34/13% 0.007
 Urinary tract, n/% 18/4.3% 13/8.2% 5/2.0% 0.005
 Central nervous system, n/% 4/0.97% 1/0.62% 3/1.2% > 0.999
 Unknown, n/% 14/3.4% 11/6.9% 3/1.2% 0.003
ICU stay, days 7 (4.0–13) 9 (5.0–18) 6 (3.8–11) < 0.001
Hospital stay, days 49 (24–99) 50 (26–93) 49 (23–101) 0.658
28-day mortality, n/% 60/14.5% 35/22.0% 25/9.8% < 0.001
90-day mortality, n/% 109/26.3% 66/41.5% 43/16.8% < 0.001
  1. Data are presented as median and interquartile ranges (25–75% percentile) or as absolute frequencies with percentages. APACHE Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, BMI body mass index, JAAM-DIC Japanese Association for Acute Medicine—disseminated intravascular coagulation, ICU stay intensive care unit stay, SIRS systemic inflammatory response syndrome, SOFA Sequential (sepsis-related) Organ Failure Assessment