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Table 3 Causes/risk factors for diarrhea, other than enteral nutrition

From: Enteral tolerance in critically ill patients

 1. Overdose of hyperosmotic drug (sorbitol, etc.)
 2. Use of broad-spectrum antibiotics
 3. Pseudomembranous enteritis due to Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile
 4. Intestinal infections (MRSA enteritis, CMV enteritis, etc.)
 5. Inflammatory bowel diseases
 6. Intestinal graft-versus-host disease after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
 7. Use of anticancer agents
Risk factors
 1. Fever or hypothermia
 2. Presence of infections
 3. Malnutrition or hypoalbuminemia
 4. Sepsis or multiple organ failure
 5. Open-feed container
 6. Previous total parenteral nutrition