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Table 1 Comparison between an indirect calorimetry and the Harris-Benedict equation

From: Strategies for optimal calorie administration in critically ill patients

Author, year Design
No. of Hosp.
No. of Pt. Type of patients Age (years) BMI (kg/m2) Weight (kg) APACHE II SOFA IC (kcal/day)
(kcal/kg/day)
HBE (kcal/day)
Picolo et al. 2016 [18] Prospective
1
205 Surgical 15%
Sepsis 44%
54 18.5–24.9 42%
25.0–29.9 28%
71 24 NA 1430
NA
1463
Sabatino et al. 2017 [20] Prospective
2
42 KDIGO stage 3
Surgical 52%
67 ± 15 29 ± 9 83 ± 26 22 ± 7 NA 1724 ± 431
NA
1582 ± 335
de Goes et al. 2016 [21] Prospective
1
125 AKIN-3
Sepsis 89%
63 ± 17 28 ± 8 NA 29 ± 5 NA 2029 ± 760
NA
1501 ± 327
Panitchote et al. 2017 [22] Prospective
1
16 Severe sepsis
Septic shock
72 ± 6 22 ± 3 NA 27 ± 4 NA 1488 ± 261
26.7 ± 5.3
2259 ± 305*
Tignanelli et al. 2017 [23] Prospective**
1
419 Surgical 100% > 60 42% 18.5–24.9 25%
25.0–29.9 30%
NA NA NA 1837 ± 547
NA
1894 ± 354
Yatabe et al. 2014 [24] Retrospective
1
15 Esophagectomy 100% 66 ± 10 22 ± 4 55 ± 10 13 ± 4 2 ± 1 985 ± 167
18.1 ± 3.4
1191 ± 159
De Waele et al. 2018 [25] Prospective
1
7 ECMO
Surgical 29%
64 [60, 77] 26 [25, 27] 78 [68, 90] 19 [13, 23] NA 1334
21
NA
Segadilha et al. 2017 [26] Retrospective
1
97 Elderly
Surgical 28%
78 ± 9 27 ± 7 NA NA NA 1568 ± 374
M 22.6 ± 4.7
F 21.4 ± 5.1
(kcal/kg/day)***
M 22.4 ± 2.2
F 22.1 ± 3.0
Hickmann et al. 2014 [27] Prospective
1
49 Sepsis 63% 53–71 NA NA 15–22 5–11 1849 ± 546 NA 1433 ± 230
  1. Hosp. hospital, Pt. patients, BMI body mass index, IC indirect calorimetry, HBE Harris-Benedict equation, Prospective prospective observational study, NA not available, KDIGO Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes classifications, AKIN Acute Kidney Injury Network classifications, Retrospective retrospective study, M male, F female
  2. *Harris-Benedict equation × 1.6
  3. **Retrospective review of prospectively collected data
  4. ***Harris-Benedict equation × 1.2