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Table 2 The characteristics of included studies

From: Early mobilisation in mechanically ventilated patients: a systematic integrative review of definitions and activities

Characteristic Number (n) Percentage (%)*
Study designs
 Case control 11 14.5
 Case series 2 2.6
 Cohort 33 43.4
 Qualitative 8 10.5
 Randomised controlled trial 18 23.7
 Systematic review 4 5.3
Study settings
 General ICU 35 46.1
 Medical ICU 15 19.7
 Medical-surgical ICU 4 5.3
 Neurological ICU 1 1.3
 Post ICU 6 7.9
 Respiratory ICU 3 3.9
 Surgical ICU 2 2.6
 Not applicable (unclear or systematic reviews) 10 13.2
Country of origin
 Australia 9 11.8
 Australia and New Zealand 3 3.9
 Australia and United Kingdom 1 1.3
 Austria, Germany, United States 1 1.3
 Belgium 1 1.3
 Brazil 5 6.6
 China 3 3.9
 Canada and United States 1 1.3
 France 3 3.9
 Germany 1 1.3
 Italy 1 1.3
 Japan 3 3.9
 Sweden 1 1.3
 Switzerland 1 1.3
 Taiwan 5 6.6
 Turkey 1 1.3
 United Kingdom 8 10.5
 United States 27 35.5
 Multiple countries (> 3 countries) 1 1.3
Publication year
 2000–2005 1 1.3
 2006–2010 13 17.1
 2011–2016 42 55.3
 2016–2018 20 26.3
Professional groups of the authors
 All medical staff 7 9.2
 All nursing staff 2 2.6
 All physiotherapy staff 9 11.8
 Combination
  Medical + nursing staff 4 5.3
  Medical + occupational therapy staff 1 1.3
  Medical + physiotherapy staff 23 30.3
  Medical + respiratory therapy staff 1 1.3
  Medical + profession unknown 1 1.3
  Nursing + physiotherapy staff 1 1.3
  Nursing + respiratory therapy staff 1 1.3
 Multidisciplinary (> 3 professions) 26 34.2
Definition of EM-MV
 Full definition 15 19.7
 Partial definition
  Definition of early 2 2.6
  Definition of mobilisation 13 17.1
 No definition 46 60.5
  1. *May not be exactly 100% due to rounding
  2. Abbreviations: EM-MV early mobilisation in mechanically ventilated patients, ICU intensive care unit