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Table 2 Process and clinical outcomes

From: Echocardiogram-guided resuscitation versus early goal-directed therapy in the treatment of septic shock: a randomized, controlled, feasibility trial

Process outcomes ECHO (n = 15) EGDT (n = 15) p value
 Time from sepsis identification to ICU admission (min) 56 82 0.42
 Time from sepsis identification to randomization (h) 3.1 4 0.33
 Fluid administration prior to study protocol (median L, median ml/kg) 3, 33 3, 38 0.53
 Fluid administration during study protocol (median L [IQR, range]) 0 (0, 2, range 0–7) 1 (0, 2, range 0–6) 0.61
 24 h fluid administrationa (L, median, IQR) 6 (4.7, 8.5) 6.4 (4.8, 9.6) 0.63
 Dobutamine administered (n, %) 3 (20) 2 (13) > 0.99
 Patients receiving ≤ 1 L of fluid during study protocol (n, %) 11 (73) 11 (73) > 0.99
Clinical outcomes
 Change in SOFA score at 48 h (median, IQR) − 4 (+ 4 to − 10) − 6 (− 4 to − 12) 0.10
 28-day mortality (n, %) 5 (33) 3 (20) 0.68
 ICU-free days (median, IQR) 24.2 (0, 25.8) 24.5 (5.4, 25.8) 0.97
 Ventilator-free days (median, IQR) 28 (0, 28) 25 (9, 28) 0.51