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Table 1 Life support techniques limited in patients with orders to limit life support on admission to the intensive care unit

From: Limitation of life support techniques at admission to the intensive care unit: a multicenter prospective cohort study

   Type of limitation
Technique   Withhold Withdraw
Invasive life support
 Cardiopulmonary resuscitation 215 (91.5%) 215 (91.5%) 0 (0%)
 Dialysis 209 (89.3%) 203 (86.8%) 6 (2.6%)
 Intubation 147 (63.9%) 126 (54.8%) 21 (9.1%)
Noninvasive life support
 Vasopressors 104 (45.0%) 96 (41.5%) 8 (3.5%)
 Noninvasive ventilation 61 (26.9%) 60 (26.4%) 1 (0.4%)
 Blood transfusions 59 (25.5%) 55 (23.8%) 4 (1.7%)