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Table 2 A summary of the reports on heat stroke in which the time course of rhabdomyolysis was described

From: Heat stroke with bimodal rhabdomyolysis: a case report and review of the literature

No Reporter Year Age Sex Trigger 1st peak D CPK max HD Outcome Bimodal 2nd peak D CPK max Trigger
1 Wu 2015 27 Male Exercise 2 55,650 Yes Survival No    
2 Asserraji 2014 35 Male Marathon 5 91,596 Yes Death No    
3 Raj 2013 11 Male Jog 1 4326 Yes Survival No    
4 Horseman 2013 22 Male Walking 1 649,530 Yes Survival No    
5 Azzopardi 2012 25 Male Marathon 2 178,850 No Survival No    
6 Muñiz 2012 15 Male Football 2 39,954 No Survival No    
7 Trujillo 2011 14 Female Exercise 3 36,423 Yes Survival No    
8 Lin 2011 11 Female Jogging 2 21,351 No Survival No    
9 Miura 2010 38 Male Marathon 3 84,612 No Death Yes 18 105,231 Reha
10 Lee 2010 57 Male Kot spring 3 9565 Yes Death No    
11 Niu 2009 47 Male Labor 1 4682 No Survival No    
12 Akieda 2008 75 Male Bath 3 4299 No Survival No    
13 Fink 2006 16 Male Football 3 90,720 No Survival ? >2 wks >1000 Discharge
14 Broessner 2005 38 Male Hiking 4 1024 No Survival No    
15 Wakino 2005 23 Male Labor 5 620,920 Yes Survival No    
16 Takahashi 2005 16 Male Rugby ? ? Yes Survival Yes 8 24,985 Convulsion
17 Pechlaner 2002 28 Male Labor 2 1920 No Survival No    
18 Present   28 Male Marathon 5 8832 Yes Survival Yes 22 9230 Reha
  1. ? means not described, D day, Reha rehabilitation, wks weeks, CPK creatinine phosphokinesis, HD hemodialysis, max maximum