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Table 3 Causes of loss of lung sliding

From: Lung ultrasound—a primary survey of the acutely dyspneic patient

Pleural separation Pleural adhesions Non-ventilation
 Pneumothorax
 Pleural effusion
 Pleural diseases
Artifact mimics
 Subcutaneous emphysema
 Tissue planes
Inflammatory adhesions
• Pneumonia
• Acute lung injury
Pleurodesis
Pleural fibrosis
• Interstitial lung disease
• Fibrotic lung disease
Pleural diseases
Apnea
Severe hyperinflation
• Asthma
• Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Non-ventilated patient
• cEndotracheal tube complications
• One-lung intubation
Atelectasis