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Table 3 Trials of outpatient abdominal surgery

From: Fluid therapy in the perioperative setting—a clinical review

Author Surgery No. of patients Blinding Duration of surgery Intervention Fast Postop. oral fluid intake Effect of fluid
Keane and Murray [65] Mixed outpatient surgery 212 in 2 groups No 18 min 1000 mL Hartman’s solution + 1000 mL DW vs. no fluid ? ? ↓ Thirst, drowsiness, headache and dizziness
→ Nausea
Spencer [66] Minor gynecologic surgery 100 in 2 groups No 8 min 1 L CSL vs. no fluid ? ? ↓ Dizziness and nausea
Cook et al. [67] Gynecologic laparoscopy 75 in 3 groups Yes 20 min CSL 20 mL/kg vs. CSL + DW 20 mL/kg vs. no fluid 11–16 h ? ↓ Dizziness and drowsiness
↓ LOS in Dextrose group
Yogendran et al. [70] Mixed outpatient surgery 200 in 2 groups Yes 28 min Plasmolyte 20 mL/kg (1215 mL) vs. Plasmolyte 2 mL/kg (164 mL) 8–13 h ? ↓ Thirst, dizziness and drowsiness → PONV
McCaul et al. [71] Gynecologic laparoscopy 108 in 3 groups Yes 22 min CSL 1,5 mL/kg/fasting h (1115 mL) vs. CSL + DW 1.5 mL/kg/fasting h (1148 mL)
vs. no fluid
11,5 h ? → PONV
↑ Thirst in CSL + DW group
Magner et al. [68] Gynecologic laparoscopy 141 in 2 groups Yes 20 min CSL 30 mL/kg vs. CSL 10 mL/kg 13 h ? ↓ PONV
→ Dizziness and thirst
Holte et al. [69] Laparoscopic cholecystectomy 48 in 2 groups Yes 68 min LR 15 mL/kg (998 mL) vs. 40 mL/kg (2928 mL) 2 h Mean 600 mL ↓ LOS
↓ Thirst, nausea, dizziness, and drowsiness
↑ Well-being and pulmonary function
  1. DW Dextrose in water 5 %, CSL compound sodium lactose (Na:131, K:5, Ca:2, Cl:111, Lactate:29 mmol/l), LR lactated Ringers solution, PONV postoperative nausea and vomiting
  2. ↑significantly increased, ↓ significantly decreased, → no significant changes, ?: not given