Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Characteristics of patients who did or did not develop contrast-induced nephropathy

From: Sodium bicarbonate prophylactic therapy in the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients admitted to the intensive care unit of a teaching hospital: a retrospective cohort study

  No CIN CIN p value
Number of CT scans 153 (72.5 %) 58 (27.5 %)  
Age (years) 64 (13) 69 (10) <0.01
Male gender 88 (57.5 %) 37 (63.8 %) 0.41
Diabetes mellitus 22 (14.4 %) 10 (17.2 %) 0.61
Heart failure 6 (3.9 %) 5 (8.6 %) 0.18
Sepsis 41 (26.8 %) 15 (25.9 %) 0.89
Baseline GFR < 60 mL/min 52 (34.0 %) 44 (75.9 %) <0.01
Haemoglobin (mmol/L) 6.6 (1.1) 6.2 (0.88) 0.01
APACHE II score 19.5 (7.9) 22.8 (8.9) <0.01
APACHE IV score 74.5 (29.1) 92.6 (28.9) <0.01
SOFA day 1 8.0 (7.0) 5.0 (4.0) <0.01
SOFA day 4 11.0 (6.0) 4.0 (3.0) <0.01
Fluid balance (mL/24 h) 2180 (4566) 3488 (7251) 0.03
Aminoglycoside (single-dose) use 5 (3.3 %) 7 (12.1 %) 0.02
Norepinephrine use 32 (20.9 %) 22 (37.9 %) 0.01
Prophylactic therapy 29 (19.0 %) 19 (32.8 %) 0.03
  1. Dichotomous data are noted as the number of patients with the presence of the concerning variable in that group (percentage of the entire population). Continuous data are noted as the mean (standard deviation) or median (interquartile range)
  2. CIN contrast-induced nephropathy, CT computed tomography, GFR glomerular filtration rate, APACHE Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment