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Table 1 Characteristics of patients, mortality, and length of PICU stay with and without DA-HAIs

From: Incidences and influences of device-associated healthcare-associated infections in a pediatric intensive care unit in Japan: a retrospective surveillance study

  All With DA-HAIs Without DA-HAIs P
  (n = 426) (n = 28) (n = 398)  
Age months, median (25th; 75th percentile) 12 (2.5; 48.5) a 4 (1; 22) a 13 (3; 54) a 0.014
Gender M/F 206/220 11/17 195/203 0.32
Elective surgery n (%) 261 (61.3) 10 (35.7) 251 (63.1) 0.0041
Unplanned admission n (%) 140 (32.9) 15 (53.6) 125 (31.4) 0.016
With infection at admission n (%) 71 (16.7) 4 (14.3) 67 (16.8) 0.73
PIM2 (%) 3.7 6.3 3.5 <0.0001
[mean (95% CI)] (3.0–4.4) (3.5–9.2) (2.7–4.3)
Device utilization ratio     
CVC 0.78 0.93 0.74 -
ETT 0.53 0.64 0.51 -
UC 0.44 0.56 0.40 -
Mortality 28 d, % (n) 2.6 (11) 7.1 (2) 2.3 (9) 0.16
Length of PICU stay, median 3 22.5 2 <0.001
(25th; 75th percentile) (1; 7) a (13; 32.75) a (1; 6) a
  1. PIM2 Pediatric Index of Mortality 2, DA-HAIs device-associated healthcare-associated infections, CVC central venous catheter, ETT endotracheal tube, UC urinary catheter, Mortality 28d mortality 28 days after discharge from the PICU
  2. aNumbers in parentheses: 25th percentile; 75th percentile