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Table 3 Incidences of new-onset atrial fibrillation and severity scores of the study population

From: Epidemiology, prevention, and treatment of new-onset atrial fibrillation in critically ill: a systematic review

Author, year [ref] Setting patients Incidence of AF (no.) Severity score Mean score a
Bender JS, 1996 [49] Surgical ICU 6.8% (14/206) NA NA
Seguin P, 2004 [50] Surgical ICU 5.3% (24/453) SAPS II 45 vs. 31 (p = 0.0001)
Seguin P, 2006 [51] Surgical ICU (trauma) 5.5% (16/293) SAPS II 47 vs. 31 (p < 0.001)
Arora S, 2007 [52] Mixed ICU 29.5% (18/61) APACHE II 25.4 vs. 20.0 (p = 0.005)
SAPS II 47.8 vs. 37.1 (p = 0.001)
Christian SA, 2008 [26] Mixed ICU (sepsis) 5.9% (16/272) APACHE II predicted survival 49% vs. 55% (p = 0.36)
Meierhenrich R, 2010 [53] Surgical ICU All patients 7.8% (49/629) SAPS II NA
Septic shock 46.0% (23/50) 31 vs. 30b (p = 0.12)
Walkey AJ, 2011 [54] Acute care hospitals (severe sepsis) 5.9% (2,896/49,082) Number of organ failures 3.11 vs. 3.08b (p = 0.42)
Kanji S, 2012 [55] Three mixed ICUs 4.5% (139/3,081) APACHE II 22.6c
Tongyaoo S, 2013 [56] Medical ICU 13.8% (34/247) APACHE II 24.4 vs. 17.0d (p < 0.001)
Makrygiannis SS, 2014 [57] Mixed ICU 15.0% (20/133) APACHE II 17.9 vs. 15.7 (p = 0.16)
  1. AF atrial fibrillation, APACHE II Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II, SAPS II Simplified Acute Physiology Score II, NA not available.
  2. aAtrial fibrillation vs. no atrial fibrillation.
  3. bMedian.
  4. cNo information for APACHE II in no new-onset AF patients provided.
  5. dAll types of supraventricular tachyarrhythmia included.