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Table 1 Overall characteristics of included studies

From: Epidemiology, prevention, and treatment of new-onset atrial fibrillation in critically ill: a systematic review

Author, year [ref] Study design No. of patients Setting (patients) Outcome
Bender JS, 1996 [49] Prospective observational 206 Surgical ICU Etiology
Seguin P, 2004 [50] Prospective observational 453 Surgical ICU Etiology/outcome
Seguin P, 2006 [51] Prospective observational 293 Surgical ICU (trauma) Etiology/outcome treatment
Arora S, 2007 [52] Prospective observational 61 Mixed ICU Etiology/outcome
Christian SA, 2008 [26] Retrospective observational 272 Mixed ICU (sepsis) Etiology/outcome
Meierhenrich R, 2010 [53] Prospective observational 629 (50 septic shock) Surgical ICU Etiology/outcome treatment
Walkey AJ, 2011 [54] Retrospective population-based cohort 49,082 Acute care hospitals (severe sepsis) Etiology/outcome
Kanji S, 2012 [55] Retrospective observational 3,081 Three mixed ICUs Etiology treatment
Tongyaoo S, 2013 [56] Prospective observational 247 Medical ICU Etiology/outcome
Makrygiannis SS, 2014 [57] Prospective observational 133 Mixed ICU Etiology
Balser JR, 1998 [60] Randomized controlled 64a Surgical ICU Treatment
Sleeswijk ME, 2008 [61] Prospective observational 29 Mixed ICU Treatment
  1. aNumber of patients with supraventricular tachyarrhythmia (not focusing on AFib and AFl).