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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Neurological outcomes after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a retrospective observational study in a rural tertiary care center

  Total (n = 50)
Age, (years) 51 ± 21
Range 10–83
Male, n (%) 33 (66)
Witnessed, n (%) 36 (72)
Bystander CPR, n (%) 32 (64)
Initial rhythms at the scene  
  VF/pulseless VT, n (%) 37 (74)
  Asystole/PEA, n (%) 13 (26)
Initial rhythms on arrival  
  VF/pulseless VT, n (%) 27 (54)
  Asystole/PEA, n (%) 23 (46)
BLS-TOR rule  
  Satisfied, n (%) 7 (14)
  Unsatisfied, n (%) 43 (86)
ALS-TOR rule  
  Satisfied, n (%) 1 (2)
  Unsatisfied, n (%) 49 (96)
Comorbid diseases  
  Cardiac diseases, n (%) 13 (26)
  Other, n (%) 3 (6)
Circulatory arrest time, min 7.4 ± 10.4
CPR duration, min 84 ± 48
Door to ECPR initiation, min 37 ± 22
ECMO duration, h 38 ± 49
  1. Data are presented as n (%) or mean ± standard deviation. CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, VF ventricular fibrillation, VT ventricular tachycardia PEA pulseless electrical activity, BLS basic life support, ALS advanced life support, TOR termination of resuscitation, ECPR extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.