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Table 1 Patient demographics

From: Patient questionnaire following closure of tracheotomy fistula: percutaneous vs. surgical approaches

Respondents PT (28/40) ST (35/55cpa) Significance
Response rate (%) 70.0% 63.6% NS
Male/female 18/10 20/15 NS
Mean age ± SD 62.1 ± 19.3 62.9 ± 20.8 NS
Mean hospital day ± SD 38.0 ± 10.2 41.2 ± 12.1 NS
APACHE II score ± SD 24.0 ± 10.5 24.3 ± 8.8 NS
Return to former life (%) 24 (85.8%) 28 (82.9%) NS
Clinical diagnosis    
Multiple trauma 7 5 NS
Acute intoxication 5 4 NS
Burn 3 2 NS
Sepsis 4 5 NS
Heat stroke 1   
Meningitis 1   
Cardiovascular disease 4 12 p < 0.05
Acute pneumonia 3 5 NS
Acute pancreatitis   1  
Hyperglycemic acidosis   1  
Mean time to tracheotomy (mean days ± SD) 9.1 ± 2.9 14.5 ± 2.6 p < 0.05
Mean time to removal of tracheal cannula (mean days ± SD) 36.9 ± 22.1 54.7 ± 22.2 p < 0.05
Mean time since removal of tracheal cannula (mean days ± SD) 24.5 ± 19.8 21.5 ± 20.2 NS
Reasons for tracheotomy    
Anticipation of prolonged MV 14 9 p < 0.05
Prolonged MV more than 14 days (including failed cases of wearing from MV) 7 21 p < 0.05
Airway stenosis 7 5 NS
  1. All test were two-tailed, with significance set at p < 0.05. PT percutaneous tracheotomy, ST surgical tracheotomy, SD standard deviation, NS not significant, MV mechanical ventilation.